Lithium chloride inhibits the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells by blocking nuclear translocation of phospho-Erk

Ju Yeong Kim, Hun Hee Park, Tai Soon Yong, Soung Hoo Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lithium chloride (LiCl) is an important mood-stabilizing therapeutic agent for bipolar disorders, which has also been shown to inhibit cancer cell metastasis. Investigations of LiCl-induced signaling have focused mainly on extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3). However, little is known about the differences in cellular activities resulting from specific signaling via each of these pathways. In this study, we investigated the difference in responses between the Wnt/β-catenin and ERK pathways by LiCl or epidermal growth factor (EGF) treatment of osteosarcoma cells. In particular, we analyzed the mechanisms responsible for differences in cell mobility and cell proliferation when pERK or β-catenin is activated. In osteosarcoma cells treated with LiCl or EGF, active β-catenin and p-ERK protein levels were significantly increased compared to those in the control group. However, in wound healing and transwell invasion assays, U2OS and SaOS2 cell migration was significantly reduced by LiCl treatment but increased by EGF treatment. In addition, the proliferation of U2OS cells was reduced by LiCl treatment but increased by EGF treatment. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, we observed nuclear accumulation of phosphorylated ERK (pERK) with EGF treatment, but pERK was restricted to the perinuclear area with LiCl treatment. These results were confirmed using immunoblot assays after subcellular fractionation. Together, these data suggest that LiCl interferes with the translocation of pERK from the cytoplasm to the nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume581
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 3

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
None.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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