Lithium Dendrite Suppression with UV-Curable Polysilsesquioxane Separator Binders

Wonjun Na, Albert S. Lee, Jin Hong Lee, Seung Sang Hwang, Eunkyoung Kim, Soon Man Hong, Chong Min Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the first time, an inorganic-organic hybrid polymer binder was used for the coating of hybrid composites on separators to enhance thermal stability and to prevent formation of lithium dendrite in lithium metal batteries. The fabricated hybrid-composite-coated separators exhibited minimal thermal shrinkage compared with the previous composite separators (<5% change in dimension), maintenance of porosity (Gurley number ∼400 s/100 cm3), and high ionic conductivity (0.82 mS/cm). Lithium metal battery cell examinations with our hybrid-composite-coated separators revealed excellent C-rate and cyclability performance due to the prevention of lithium dendrite growth on the lithium anode even after 200 cycles under 0.2-5C (charge-discharge) conditions. The mechanism for lithium dendrite prevention was attributed to exceptional nanoscale surface mechanical properties of the hybrid composite coating layer compared with the lithium metal anode, as the elastic modulus of the hybrid-composite-coated separator far exceeded those of both the lithium metal anode and the required threshold for lithium metal dendrite prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12852-12858
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume8
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 25

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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