Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors

Mok Hwa Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Kai Xi, R. Vasant Kumar, Dae Soo Jung, Kwang Bum Kim, Kwang Chul Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although many existing hybrid energy storage systems demonstrate promising electrochemical performances, imbalances between the energies and kinetics of the two electrodes must be resolved to allow their widespread commercialization. As such, the development of a new class of energy storage systems is a particular challenge, since future systems will require a single device to provide both a high gravimetric energy and a high power density. In this context, we herein report the design of novel lithium-sulfur capacitors. The resulting asymmetric systems exhibited energy densities of 23.9-236.4 Wh kg-1 and power densities of 72.2-4097.3 W kg-1, which are the highest reported values for an asymmetric system to date. This approach involved the use of a prelithiated anode and a hybrid cathode material exhibiting anion adsorption-desorption in addition to the electrochemical reduction and oxidation of sulfur at almost identical rates. This novel strategy yielded both high energy and power densities, and therefore establishes a new benchmark for hybrid systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6199-6206
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 21

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Lithium
Sulfur
Energy storage
Capacitors
Hybrid systems
Anions
Desorption
Anodes
Cathodes
Negative ions
Adsorption
Oxidation
Electrodes
Kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kim, M. H., Kim, H. K., Xi, K., Kumar, R. V., Jung, D. S., Kim, K. B., & Roh, K. C. (2018). Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(7), 6199-6206. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09833
Kim, Mok Hwa ; Kim, Hyun Kyung ; Xi, Kai ; Kumar, R. Vasant ; Jung, Dae Soo ; Kim, Kwang Bum ; Roh, Kwang Chul. / Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 7. pp. 6199-6206.
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Kim, MH, Kim, HK, Xi, K, Kumar, RV, Jung, DS, Kim, KB & Roh, KC 2018, 'Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors', ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 6199-6206. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09833

Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors. / Kim, Mok Hwa; Kim, Hyun Kyung; Xi, Kai; Kumar, R. Vasant; Jung, Dae Soo; Kim, Kwang Bum; Roh, Kwang Chul.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 10, No. 7, 21.02.2018, p. 6199-6206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Kim MH, Kim HK, Xi K, Kumar RV, Jung DS, Kim KB et al. Lithium-Sulfur Capacitors. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2018 Feb 21;10(7):6199-6206. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09833