Biliary dyspepsia presents as biliary colic in the absence of explanatory structural abnormalities. Causes include gallbladder dyskinesia, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, biliary tract sensitivity, microscopic sludges, and duodenal hypersensitivity. However, no consensus treatment guideline exists for biliary dyspepsia. We investigated the effects of medical treatments on biliary dyspepsia.We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 414 patients who had biliary pain and underwent cholescintigraphy from 2008 to 2018. We enrolled patients who received litholytic agents and underwent follow-up scans after medical treatment. We divided the patients into the GD group (biliary dyspepsia with reduced gallbladder ejection fraction [GBEF]) and the NGD group (biliary dyspepsia with normal GBEF). We compared pre- and post-treatment GBEF and symptoms.Among 57 patients enrolled, 40 (70.2%) patients had significant GBEF improvement post-treatment, ranging from 34.4 ± 22.6% to 53.8 ± 26.8% (P < .001). In GD group (n = 35), 28 patients had GBEF improvement after medical treatment, and value of GBEF significantly improved from 19.5 ± 11.0 to 47.9 ± 27.3% (P < .001). In NGD group (n = 22), 12 patients had GBEF improvement after medical treatment, but value of GBEF did not have significant change. Most patients (97.1% in GD group and 81.8% in NGD group) had improved symptoms after medical treatment. No severe complication was reported during treatment period.Litholytic agents improved biliary colic in patients with biliary dyspepsia. Therefore, these agents present an alternative treatment modality for biliary dyspepsia with or without gallbladder dyskinesia. Notably, biliary colic in patients with gallbladder dyskinesia resolved after normalization of the GBEF. Further prospective and large-scale mechanistic studies are warranted.
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