Load-balancing scheme with small-cell cooperation for clustered heterogeneous cellular networks

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10 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a joint user association (UA) scheme with JP-CoMP using a hybrid self-organizing network (SON) is proposed for a practical clustered heterogeneous cellular network (cHCN) to maximize the network-wide proportional fairness among users. The cell range expansion and the enhanced intercell interference coordination have been considered as key items in the long-Term evolution-Advanced to offload macrocell users to small-cell base stations (sBSs). However, in a cHCN where sBSs are not distributed at random but are clustered instead, the coverage of inner sBSs in a small-cell cluster would be hardly expanded and an increased bias may result in much poor link quality as well as much higher load in outer sBSs. Thus, the load-balancing capability becomes much lower than expected in a cHCN. In order to cope with such a problem, a network architecture and protocol for the cHCN is suggested, and a feasible suboptimal iterative algorithm for determining the joint UA solution of the proposed hybrid SON is provided. It is shown that the proposed hybrid SON scheme with the proposed joint UA solution is very effective in handling the load balancing in a practical cHCN not only improving the performance of the inner sBS users by reducing the intercell interference, especially for intratier offloaded users, but also enabling more aggressive intertier offloading by effectively improving the link quality of cluster edge users without causing an unnecessary resource waste.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8025422
Pages (from-to)633-649
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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