The local heat/mass transfer characteristics on the tip and shroud were investigated using a low speed rotating turbine annular cascade. Time-averaged mass transfer coefficients on the tip and shroud were measured using a naphthalene sublimation technique. A low speed wind tunnel with a single stage turbine annular cascade was used. The turbine stage is composed of sixteen guide plates and blades. The chord length of blade is 150 mm and the mean tip clearance is about 2.5% of the blade chord. The tested Reynolds number based on inlet flow velocity and blade chord is 1.5 × 105 and the rotational speed of the blade is 255.8 rpm at design condition. The results were compared with the results for a stationary blade and the effects of incidence angle of incoming flow were examined for incidence angles ranging from - 15 to + 7 deg. The off-design test conditions are obtained by changing the rotational speed with a fixed incoming flow velocity. Flow reattachment on the tip near the pressure side edge dominates the heat transfer on the tip surface. Consequently, the heat/mass transfer coefficients on the blade tip are about 1.7 times as high as those on the blade surface and the shroud. However, the heat transfer on the tip is about 10% lower than that for the stationary case due to reduced leakage flow with the relative motion. The peak regions due to the flow reattachment are reduced and shifted toward the trailing edge and additional peaks are formed near the leading edge region with decreasing incidence angles. But, quite uniform and high values are observed on the tip with positive incidence angles. The time-averaged heat/mass transfer on the shroud surface has a level similar to that of the stationary cases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering