TY - GEN

T1 - Local heat/mass transfer measurements in a rectangular duct with discrete ribs

AU - Cho, H. H.

AU - Wu, S. J.

AU - Kwon, H. J.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 1999 by ASME.
Copyright:
Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The influence of the arrangement and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer and friction loss is investigated. The mass transfer experiments are conducted to obtain detailed local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the duct wall. The aspect ratio (width/height) of the duct is 2.04 and the rib height is one tenth of the duct height, such that the ratio of rib height to hydraulic diameter is 0.0743. The ratio of ribto- rib distance to rib height is 10. The discrete ribs are made by dividing continuous ribs into 2, 3 and 5 pieces and attached periodically to the top and bottom surfaces of the duct with a parallel orientation. After examining the effects of rib angle of attack (α) for continuous ribs, the combined effects of the rib angle and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer on the duct wall are investigated for a=90° and 450. As the number of broken pieces of a rib increases, the more disturbed flows affect greatly heat/mass transfer and increase the uniformity of heat/mass transfer distributions. For α=90°, the heat/mass transfer enhancement with the discrete ribs is remarkable, so that the discrete ribs augment up to 27% of the average heat/mass transfer coefficients compared with the transverse continuous rib. However, the heat/mass transfer performances of the discrete ribs are slightly higher than that of the transverse continuous rib due to the accompanied high friction loss penalty. For α=45°, the average heat/mass transfer coefficients are decreased slightly with the discrete ribs, and the heat/mass transfer performances of the angled discrete ribs are also decreased even though the friction losses are lower.

AB - The influence of the arrangement and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer and friction loss is investigated. The mass transfer experiments are conducted to obtain detailed local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the duct wall. The aspect ratio (width/height) of the duct is 2.04 and the rib height is one tenth of the duct height, such that the ratio of rib height to hydraulic diameter is 0.0743. The ratio of ribto- rib distance to rib height is 10. The discrete ribs are made by dividing continuous ribs into 2, 3 and 5 pieces and attached periodically to the top and bottom surfaces of the duct with a parallel orientation. After examining the effects of rib angle of attack (α) for continuous ribs, the combined effects of the rib angle and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer on the duct wall are investigated for a=90° and 450. As the number of broken pieces of a rib increases, the more disturbed flows affect greatly heat/mass transfer and increase the uniformity of heat/mass transfer distributions. For α=90°, the heat/mass transfer enhancement with the discrete ribs is remarkable, so that the discrete ribs augment up to 27% of the average heat/mass transfer coefficients compared with the transverse continuous rib. However, the heat/mass transfer performances of the discrete ribs are slightly higher than that of the transverse continuous rib due to the accompanied high friction loss penalty. For α=45°, the average heat/mass transfer coefficients are decreased slightly with the discrete ribs, and the heat/mass transfer performances of the angled discrete ribs are also decreased even though the friction losses are lower.

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U2 - 10.1115/99-GT-121

DO - 10.1115/99-GT-121

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84928473708

T3 - Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo

BT - Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration

PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

T2 - ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1999

Y2 - 7 June 1999 through 10 June 1999

ER -