Objectives: To investigate the effect of local injection of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) on experimental tooth movement and subsequent alveolar bone remodelling in mice. Materials and Methods: Sixty mice were randomised to receive daily local RANKL or phosphate-buffered saline injections in the buccal premaxillary bone for 14 of 21 days of incisor movement, followed by a 21-day retention period. Five mice from each group were euthanised on days 0, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 42, and specimens were prepared for haematoxylin and eosin, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and immunohistochemical staining. Five mice from each group were subjected to serial microcomputed tomography until day 42 for tooth movement and bone volume quantification. Results: The experimental group showed significantly greater tooth movement and bone volume reduction on days 14 and 21; an increased osteoclast number on days 3, 7, 14 and 21; and no difference on day 42. Higher RANKL expression was observed on days 7 and 14, with remarkable alkaline phosphatase activity. No significant systemic changes were observed. Conclusion: Local RANKL injection leads to increased osteoclastic activity and facilitates tooth movement, followed by subsequent alveolar bone formation; this implies a reversible transitional acceleration of bone resorption.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes