Long Commute Time and Sleep Problems with Gender Difference in Work–Life Balance: A Cross-sectional Study of More than 25,000 Workers

Soojin Kim, Yangwook Kim, Sung Shil Lim, Jae Hong Ryoo, Jin Ha Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is a lack of statistical analysis investigating the relationship between sleep problems and commute time in Korea. We aimed to analyze the association between representative health symptoms, sleep disturbances, and commute time according to working hours in Korea. Methods: The 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey data were used for analysis, and unpaid family workers and workers who work fewer than three days in a week were excluded. Commute time, working hours, and sleep hours were assessed using self-reported questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for sleep problems were calculated using a multivariate logistic regression model with ≤10 min commute time as the reference group. Results: Among a total of 28,804 workers (men = 14,945, women = 13,859), 2.6% of men and 3.2% of women experienced sleep problems. In both sexes, long commute time (51–60 minutes and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR [men, 2.03 (CI = 1.32–3.13) and 2.05 (CI = 1.33–3.17); women, 1.58 (CI = 1.05–2.39) and 1.63 (CI = 1.06–2.50), respectively]. In stratification analysis of working hours, long commute time (51–60 and > 60 minutes) showed an increased OR in men working >40 hours/week [2.08 (CI = 1.16–3.71) and 1.92 (CI = 1.08–3.41), respectively]. Furthermore, long commute time (41–50, 51–60, and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR in women working >40 hours/week [2.40 (CI = 1.27–4.55), 2.28 (CI = 1.25–4.16), and 2.19 (CI = 1.17–4.16), respectively]. Moreover, commute time >60 minutes showed an increased OR in women working ≤40 hours/week [1.96 (CI = 1.06–3.62)]. Conclusion: This large cross-sectional study highlights that long commute time is related to sleep problems in both sexes. Shorter commute times and decreased working hours are needed to prevent sleep problems in workers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSafety and Health at Work
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

work-life-balance
sleep
cross-sectional study
gender-specific factors
Sleep
Cross-Sectional Studies
confidence
Confidence Intervals
worker
working hours
Odds Ratio
Working Women
Korea
unpaid family worker
time
Logistic Models
Logistics
Statistical methods
reference group
working woman

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Chemical Health and Safety

Cite this

@article{1ab97d8dd31b47019dbc59e688981e51,
title = "Long Commute Time and Sleep Problems with Gender Difference in Work–Life Balance: A Cross-sectional Study of More than 25,000 Workers",
abstract = "Background: There is a lack of statistical analysis investigating the relationship between sleep problems and commute time in Korea. We aimed to analyze the association between representative health symptoms, sleep disturbances, and commute time according to working hours in Korea. Methods: The 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey data were used for analysis, and unpaid family workers and workers who work fewer than three days in a week were excluded. Commute time, working hours, and sleep hours were assessed using self-reported questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) for sleep problems were calculated using a multivariate logistic regression model with ≤10 min commute time as the reference group. Results: Among a total of 28,804 workers (men = 14,945, women = 13,859), 2.6{\%} of men and 3.2{\%} of women experienced sleep problems. In both sexes, long commute time (51–60 minutes and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR [men, 2.03 (CI = 1.32–3.13) and 2.05 (CI = 1.33–3.17); women, 1.58 (CI = 1.05–2.39) and 1.63 (CI = 1.06–2.50), respectively]. In stratification analysis of working hours, long commute time (51–60 and > 60 minutes) showed an increased OR in men working >40 hours/week [2.08 (CI = 1.16–3.71) and 1.92 (CI = 1.08–3.41), respectively]. Furthermore, long commute time (41–50, 51–60, and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR in women working >40 hours/week [2.40 (CI = 1.27–4.55), 2.28 (CI = 1.25–4.16), and 2.19 (CI = 1.17–4.16), respectively]. Moreover, commute time >60 minutes showed an increased OR in women working ≤40 hours/week [1.96 (CI = 1.06–3.62)]. Conclusion: This large cross-sectional study highlights that long commute time is related to sleep problems in both sexes. Shorter commute times and decreased working hours are needed to prevent sleep problems in workers.",
author = "Soojin Kim and Yangwook Kim and Lim, {Sung Shil} and Ryoo, {Jae Hong} and Yoon, {Jin Ha}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.shaw.2019.08.001",
language = "English",
journal = "Safety and Health at Work",
issn = "2093-7911",
publisher = "Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute.(OSHRI)",

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Long Commute Time and Sleep Problems with Gender Difference in Work–Life Balance : A Cross-sectional Study of More than 25,000 Workers. / Kim, Soojin; Kim, Yangwook; Lim, Sung Shil; Ryoo, Jae Hong; Yoon, Jin Ha.

In: Safety and Health at Work, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long Commute Time and Sleep Problems with Gender Difference in Work–Life Balance

T2 - A Cross-sectional Study of More than 25,000 Workers

AU - Kim, Soojin

AU - Kim, Yangwook

AU - Lim, Sung Shil

AU - Ryoo, Jae Hong

AU - Yoon, Jin Ha

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: There is a lack of statistical analysis investigating the relationship between sleep problems and commute time in Korea. We aimed to analyze the association between representative health symptoms, sleep disturbances, and commute time according to working hours in Korea. Methods: The 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey data were used for analysis, and unpaid family workers and workers who work fewer than three days in a week were excluded. Commute time, working hours, and sleep hours were assessed using self-reported questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for sleep problems were calculated using a multivariate logistic regression model with ≤10 min commute time as the reference group. Results: Among a total of 28,804 workers (men = 14,945, women = 13,859), 2.6% of men and 3.2% of women experienced sleep problems. In both sexes, long commute time (51–60 minutes and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR [men, 2.03 (CI = 1.32–3.13) and 2.05 (CI = 1.33–3.17); women, 1.58 (CI = 1.05–2.39) and 1.63 (CI = 1.06–2.50), respectively]. In stratification analysis of working hours, long commute time (51–60 and > 60 minutes) showed an increased OR in men working >40 hours/week [2.08 (CI = 1.16–3.71) and 1.92 (CI = 1.08–3.41), respectively]. Furthermore, long commute time (41–50, 51–60, and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR in women working >40 hours/week [2.40 (CI = 1.27–4.55), 2.28 (CI = 1.25–4.16), and 2.19 (CI = 1.17–4.16), respectively]. Moreover, commute time >60 minutes showed an increased OR in women working ≤40 hours/week [1.96 (CI = 1.06–3.62)]. Conclusion: This large cross-sectional study highlights that long commute time is related to sleep problems in both sexes. Shorter commute times and decreased working hours are needed to prevent sleep problems in workers.

AB - Background: There is a lack of statistical analysis investigating the relationship between sleep problems and commute time in Korea. We aimed to analyze the association between representative health symptoms, sleep disturbances, and commute time according to working hours in Korea. Methods: The 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey data were used for analysis, and unpaid family workers and workers who work fewer than three days in a week were excluded. Commute time, working hours, and sleep hours were assessed using self-reported questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for sleep problems were calculated using a multivariate logistic regression model with ≤10 min commute time as the reference group. Results: Among a total of 28,804 workers (men = 14,945, women = 13,859), 2.6% of men and 3.2% of women experienced sleep problems. In both sexes, long commute time (51–60 minutes and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR [men, 2.03 (CI = 1.32–3.13) and 2.05 (CI = 1.33–3.17); women, 1.58 (CI = 1.05–2.39) and 1.63 (CI = 1.06–2.50), respectively]. In stratification analysis of working hours, long commute time (51–60 and > 60 minutes) showed an increased OR in men working >40 hours/week [2.08 (CI = 1.16–3.71) and 1.92 (CI = 1.08–3.41), respectively]. Furthermore, long commute time (41–50, 51–60, and >60 minutes) showed an increased OR in women working >40 hours/week [2.40 (CI = 1.27–4.55), 2.28 (CI = 1.25–4.16), and 2.19 (CI = 1.17–4.16), respectively]. Moreover, commute time >60 minutes showed an increased OR in women working ≤40 hours/week [1.96 (CI = 1.06–3.62)]. Conclusion: This large cross-sectional study highlights that long commute time is related to sleep problems in both sexes. Shorter commute times and decreased working hours are needed to prevent sleep problems in workers.

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DO - 10.1016/j.shaw.2019.08.001

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