We aimed to describe the clinical features of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) in Korean patients and identify factors associated with progressive disease (PD). Clinical features of 54 patients with definite or probable LAM from 2005 to 2018 were retrospectively analysed. Common features were pneumothorax (66.7%) and abdominal lymphadenopathy (50.0%). Twenty-three (42.6%) patients were initially treated with mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors. Lung transplantation (LT) was performed in 13 (24.1%) patients. Grouped based on the annual decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) from baseline and LT, 36 (66.7%) patients exhibited stable disease (SD). All six deaths (11.1%) occurred in PD. Proportion of SD was higher in those treated initially with mTOR inhibitors than in those under observation (p = 0.043). Univariate analysis revealed sirolimus use, and baseline forced vital capacity, FEV1, and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide are associated with PD. Multivariate analysis showed that only sirolimus use (odds ratio 0.141, 95% confidence interval 0.021–0.949, p = 0.044) reduced PD. Kaplan–Meier analysis estimates overall survival of 92.0% and 74.7% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. A considerable proportion of LAM patients remain clinically stable without treatment. LT is an increasingly viable option for patients with severe lung function decline.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
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