Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Optimal Stent Strategy in Left Main Coronary Bifurcation Stenting

Sungsoo Cho, Tae Soo Kang, Jung Sun Kim, Sung Jin Hong, Dong Ho Shin, Chul Min Ahn, Byeong Keuk Kim, Young Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Young Bin Song, Joo Yong Hahn, Seung Hyuk Choi, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, Myeong Ki Hong, Yansoo Jang

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to investigate the long-term clinical effects of stent generation and stent strategy for left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation lesion treatment. Background: Limited data are available to assess long-term clinical outcomes after stenting, including use of current-generation drug-eluting stent (C-DES) for treatment of LMCA bifurcation lesions. Methods: A total of 1,353 patients who were recorded in 2 multicenter real-world registries were treated by either early-generation drug-eluting stent (E-DES) (n = 889) or C-DES (n = 464). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization rates during 3-year follow-up. The authors further performed propensity-score adjustment for clinical outcomes. Results: During 3-year follow-up, the overall MACE rate was 8.7%. Use of a 1-stent strategy resulted in better clinical outcomes than use of a 2-stent strategy (4.7% vs. 18.6%, hazard ratio [HR]: 3.71; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.55 to 5.39; p < 0.001). Use of C-DES resulted in a lower MACE rate compared with using E-DES (4.6% vs. 10.9%, HR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.89; p = 0.014), especially for the 2-stent strategy. For patients with C-DES, the presence of chronic kidney disease and pre-intervention side branch diameter stenosis ≥50% were significant independent predictors of MACE. Conclusions: Intervention of LMCA bifurcation lesions using DES implantation demonstrated acceptable long-term clinical outcomes, especially in C-DES patients. Use of a 1-stent strategy resulted in better clinical benefits than using a 2-stent strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1247-1258
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume11
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 9

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Cho, S., Kang, T. S., Kim, J. S., Hong, S. J., Shin, D. H., Ahn, C. M., Kim, B. K., Ko, Y. G., Choi, D., Song, Y. B., Hahn, J. Y., Choi, S. H., Gwon, H. C., Hong, M. K., & Jang, Y. (2018). Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Optimal Stent Strategy in Left Main Coronary Bifurcation Stenting. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 11(13), 1247-1258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.03.009