Long-term outcomes after treatment of diffuse in-stent restenosis with rotational atherectomy followed by beta-radiation therapy with a 188Re-MAG3-filled balloon

Seung Whan Lee, Seong Wook Park, Myeong Ki Hong, Young Hak Kim, Jae Hwan Lee, Jae Hyeong Park, Dae Hyuk Moon, Seung Jun Oh, Cheol Whan Lee, Jae Joong Kim, Seung Jung Park

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Intracoronary radiation therapy for in-stent restenosis has been demonstrated to reduce restenosis and major adverse cardiac events. However, long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes after beta radiation therapy have not been sufficiently evaluated. Methods: We evaluated the long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes of 50 consecutive patients who had received beta-radiation therapy with a 188Re-MAG3-filled balloon after rotational atherectomy for diffuse in-stent restenosis (lesion length>10 mm) in native coronary arteries. The radiation dose was 15 Gy at a depth of 1.0 mm into the vessel wall. Results: The mean lesion length was 25.6±12.7 mm. Radiation was delivered successfully to all patients without any procedural or in-hospital complications. At the 6-month angiogram, the restenosis rates was 10% (5/50). There were no major adverse cardiac events (MACE), such as death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) by 6-month follow-up. Long-term clinical follow-up data were obtained in all patients during 30.1±4.5 months. No myocardial infarction and one noncardiac death occurred during follow-up. Two-year follow-up angiogram was performed in 26 (58%) of 45 patients who showed a patent radiation segment at the 6-month angiogram. Significant narrowing of diameter stenosis of more than 50% occurred in 6 (23%) of 26 patients between 6 and 24 months after beta-radiation. Late TLR was performed in 6 patients. The rate of 30-month death-free survival and MACE-free survival were 98.0±2.0% and 86.9±5.0%. Conclusion: Beta-radiation using a 188Re-MAG 3-filled balloon after rotational atherectomy is associated with favorable long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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