Purpose: To understand the long-term surgical outcomes and prognostic factors for the operative treatment of cervical myelopathy (CM) in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy (ACP). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 24 patients with ACP who underwent surgery for CM at our hospital between March 2002 and June 2008. All patients had more than 5 years follow-up. Anterior fusion (11 patients), posterior fusion (1 patient), or combined anterior and posterior (AP) fusion (7 patients) and C1-2 fusion (5 patients) surgeries were performed. Surgical outcomes (average follow-up 102 months), as assessed using modified JOA (mJOA) scores, the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and a visual analog scale (VAS) were compared between the preoperative and postoperative states. Results: Preoperatvie cervical kyphosis decreased mJOA scores significantly. Long-term follow-up clinical outcomes demonstrated that 10 patients showed favorable (excellent and good) outcomes and 11 patients had non-favorable (fair and worse) outcomes. According to the mJOA scores, patients showed postoperative improvement (7.10-10.45). NDI decreased from 68.46 to 31.66. A second operation was done in seven cases due to instrument failure, progressive kyphotic deformities and adjacent segment degeneration. A preoperative botulinum toxin injection significantly decreased (p < 0.05) the incidence of a second operation. Conclusions: Patients with ACP have high incidence of instrument failure. Strong surgical fixation, bone fusion and perioperative immobilizations using botulinum toxin injection should be carefully planned preoperatively.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments This research was supported by the faculty research grant of Yonsei University College of Medicine for 2011.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine