Longitudinal interaction between APOA5 -1131T>C and overweight in the acceleration of age-related increase in arterial stiffness through the regulation of circulating triglycerides

Minjoo Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Hwa Jin Lee, Jong Ho Lee

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Abstract

We aimed to evaluate whether the longitudinal interaction between APOA5-1131C variants and overweight could accelerate age-related increases in arterial stiffness and circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects. This 3-year prospective cohort study included 503 healthy subjects. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), triglycerides, APOA5 -1131T > C, apolipoprotein (apo) A-V level, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size were measured at baseline and within a mean follow-up period of 3 years. At the 3-year follow-up, in the overweight group, subjects with the C allele showed increases in triglycerides and baPWV relative to baseline. Additionally, in the overweight group, there was a genotype effect on changes in triglycerides: subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than subjects with the TT genotype. Furthermore, overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.013). Overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in baPWV than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.047). Changes in baPWV were affected by age, baseline baPWV, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP) and triglycerides. Changes in triglycerides were affected by APOA5 -1131T > C genotype, age, baseline triglyceride level, and changes in BMI and apo A-V. In the overweight group, changes in baPWV were affected by changes in systolic BP, LDL particle size, and triglycerides. This prospective study shows that the interactive effect between APOA5 -1131C variants and overweight can accelerate age-related increase in arterial stiffness via the regulation of circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension Research
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

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Vascular Stiffness
Triglycerides
Pulse Wave Analysis
Ankle
Arm
Alleles
Blood Pressure
Healthy Volunteers
Genotype
LDL Lipoproteins
Particle Size
Prospective Studies
Weights and Measures
Cohort Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Longitudinal interaction between APOA5 -1131T>C and overweight in the acceleration of age-related increase in arterial stiffness through the regulation of circulating triglycerides",
abstract = "We aimed to evaluate whether the longitudinal interaction between APOA5-1131C variants and overweight could accelerate age-related increases in arterial stiffness and circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects. This 3-year prospective cohort study included 503 healthy subjects. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), triglycerides, APOA5 -1131T > C, apolipoprotein (apo) A-V level, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size were measured at baseline and within a mean follow-up period of 3 years. At the 3-year follow-up, in the overweight group, subjects with the C allele showed increases in triglycerides and baPWV relative to baseline. Additionally, in the overweight group, there was a genotype effect on changes in triglycerides: subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than subjects with the TT genotype. Furthermore, overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.013). Overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in baPWV than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.047). Changes in baPWV were affected by age, baseline baPWV, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP) and triglycerides. Changes in triglycerides were affected by APOA5 -1131T > C genotype, age, baseline triglyceride level, and changes in BMI and apo A-V. In the overweight group, changes in baPWV were affected by changes in systolic BP, LDL particle size, and triglycerides. This prospective study shows that the interactive effect between APOA5 -1131C variants and overweight can accelerate age-related increase in arterial stiffness via the regulation of circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects.",
author = "Minjoo Kim and Yoo, {Hye Jin} and Lee, {Hwa Jin} and Lee, {Jong Ho}",
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AU - Kim, Minjoo

AU - Yoo, Hye Jin

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AU - Lee, Jong Ho

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N2 - We aimed to evaluate whether the longitudinal interaction between APOA5-1131C variants and overweight could accelerate age-related increases in arterial stiffness and circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects. This 3-year prospective cohort study included 503 healthy subjects. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), triglycerides, APOA5 -1131T > C, apolipoprotein (apo) A-V level, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size were measured at baseline and within a mean follow-up period of 3 years. At the 3-year follow-up, in the overweight group, subjects with the C allele showed increases in triglycerides and baPWV relative to baseline. Additionally, in the overweight group, there was a genotype effect on changes in triglycerides: subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than subjects with the TT genotype. Furthermore, overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.013). Overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in baPWV than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.047). Changes in baPWV were affected by age, baseline baPWV, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP) and triglycerides. Changes in triglycerides were affected by APOA5 -1131T > C genotype, age, baseline triglyceride level, and changes in BMI and apo A-V. In the overweight group, changes in baPWV were affected by changes in systolic BP, LDL particle size, and triglycerides. This prospective study shows that the interactive effect between APOA5 -1131C variants and overweight can accelerate age-related increase in arterial stiffness via the regulation of circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects.

AB - We aimed to evaluate whether the longitudinal interaction between APOA5-1131C variants and overweight could accelerate age-related increases in arterial stiffness and circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects. This 3-year prospective cohort study included 503 healthy subjects. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), triglycerides, APOA5 -1131T > C, apolipoprotein (apo) A-V level, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size were measured at baseline and within a mean follow-up period of 3 years. At the 3-year follow-up, in the overweight group, subjects with the C allele showed increases in triglycerides and baPWV relative to baseline. Additionally, in the overweight group, there was a genotype effect on changes in triglycerides: subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than subjects with the TT genotype. Furthermore, overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in triglyceride concentrations than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.013). Overweight subjects with the C allele had greater increases in baPWV than normal-weight subjects with the C allele (P-interaction = 0.047). Changes in baPWV were affected by age, baseline baPWV, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP) and triglycerides. Changes in triglycerides were affected by APOA5 -1131T > C genotype, age, baseline triglyceride level, and changes in BMI and apo A-V. In the overweight group, changes in baPWV were affected by changes in systolic BP, LDL particle size, and triglycerides. This prospective study shows that the interactive effect between APOA5 -1131C variants and overweight can accelerate age-related increase in arterial stiffness via the regulation of circulating triglycerides in healthy subjects.

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