Longitudinal standards for height and height velocity in Korean children and adolescents: The kangwha cohort study

Hyun Wook Chae, Il Suh, Ah Reum Kwon, Ye Jin Kim, Yong Hyuk Kim, Dae Ryong Kang, Ha Yan Kim, Sun Min Oh, Hyeon Chang Kim, Duk Hee Kim, Ho Seong Kim

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Abstract

Longitudinal standards for height and height velocity are essential to monitor for appropriate linear growth. We aimed to construct standards in Korean children and adolescents through the population-based longitudinal Kangwha study. Our study was a part of a community-based prospective cohort study from 1986 to 1999 with 800 school children. Height and height velocity were recorded annually from age 6 until final height. Results were compared with cross-sectional data from the 2007 Korean National Growth Charts. Final height was 173.5 cm in boys and 160.5 cm in girls. Although final height was similar between longitudinal and cross-sectional standards, the mean height for age was higher in the longitudinal standard by 1-4 cm from age 6 until the completion of puberty. Using the longitudinal standard, age at peak height velocity (PHV) was 12 in boys and 10 in girls; height velocity at PHV was 8.62 cm/yr in boys and 7.07 cm/yr in girls. The mean height velocity was less than 1 cm/yr at age 17 in boys and 15 in girls. Thus, we have presented the first report of longitudinal standards for height and height velocity in Korean children and adolescents by analyzing longitudinal data from the Kangwha cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1512-1517
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Chae, H. W., Suh, I., Kwon, A. R., Kim, Y. J., Kim, Y. H., Kang, D. R., Kim, H. Y., Oh, S. M., Kim, H. C., Kim, D. H., & Kim, H. S. (2013). Longitudinal standards for height and height velocity in Korean children and adolescents: The kangwha cohort study. Journal of Korean medical science, 28(10), 1512-1517. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2013.28.10.1512