The expression of E-cadherin located in the adherens junction varies with disruption of glandular morphology and loss of differentiation. It has been suggested that the loss of tight junction function is related to tumor differentiation, but little is known about the roles of major proteins, such as claudin 4 and ZO-1, in gastric cancer. The aims of this study were to examine the differences in expression of E-cadherin, claudin 4, and ZO-1 proteins according to the pathological and clinical features of advanced gastric cancer. The expression of E-cadherin, claudin 4, and ZO-1 was analyzed immunohistochemically using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues obtained from 49 patients who underwent radical resection for advanced gastric cancer. Western blot analysis and RT-PCR were performed in representative tumors of the diffuse or intestinal type. Immunostaining for E-cadherin, claudin 4, and ZO-1 was reduced in 69, 69, and 37% of cancers, respectively. Similar patterns of expression were noted for E-cadherin and claudin 4, but ZO-1 expression differed. According to the Lauren classification, the reduced expression of E-cadherin and claudin 4 was more frequent in diffuse than intestinal type tumors (p<0.001). The reduced expression of E-cadherin and claudin 4 correlated with poor differentiation (p<0.05). Western blot analysis and RT-PCR also showed decreased claudin 4 expression in diffuse type tumors and poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma. The reduced expression of claudin 4 and E-cadherin correlates with disruption of glandular structure and loss of differentiation, which suggests that the dysfunction of claudin 4 may play a role in the disruption of cell-to-cell adhesion in diffuse type gastric cancer and in a loss of differentiation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Feb|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research