Low Adherence to Immunosuppressants Is Associated with Symptom Experience among Kidney Transplant Recipients

S. Y. Lee, S. H. Chu, E. G. Oh, K. H. Huh

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Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between immunosuppressant-related symptom experience (SE) and adherence to immunosuppressant regimens among kidney transplant (KT) recipients. Methods A total of 239 KT recipients on an immunosuppressant regimen who were followed up after transplantation participated in this study. Data was collected through a self-reported questionnaire survey (medication adherence, SE, and quality of life) and medical record review. Results Low adherence in the immunosuppressant group was associated with longer time since KT, less comorbidity (<3), and a higher rehospitalization rate. Low adherence among KT recipients showed significantly greater overall symptom occurrence (P =.001) and symptom distress (P =.002) levels than patients with high or medium adherence after adjusting for a number of covariates. The most common symptom both in terms of occurrence (96.4%) and distress (91.1%) among poorly adherent KT recipients was tiredness. Conclusion Low adherence to an immunosuppressant regimen was significantly associated with high SE among KT recipients. Strategies to decrease immunosuppressant-related SE are needed to improve adherence to immunosuppressants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2707-2711
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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