Background/Aims: There have been investigations on the chemopreventive effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in gastric cancer and also on the association between cyclo-oxygenase 2 expression and the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer. However, it is not yet clear whether the cardioprotective properties of low-dose aspirin could affect the biological behavior of gastric cancer. This study was aimed at investigating the association between the use of low-dose aspirin and clinicopathological features of gastric cancer in human. Method: A case-control study was performed retrospectively by comparing the clinicopathological parameters between two groups of gastric cancers, 47 (30.5%) low-dose aspirin users and 107 (69.5%) non-aspirin users who were diagnosed and underwent operation for gastric cancers. Results: The gastric cancers of aspirin user group showed favorable clinicopathological features, such as earlier tumor stage (overall stage, T and N stage: p <0.001, <0.001, and 0.002, respectively), smaller size (p = 0.03), and intestinal type rather than diffuse type (p = 0.004). But these differences were significant only in non-cardiac cancer while cardiac cancer patients showed no significant association with low-dose aspirin usage (overall stage, T stage, N stage, tumor size, and histological type: p <0.001, <0.001, 0.003, 0.035, and 0.004, respectively, by Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel statistics). Conclusion: The use of low-dose aspirin might affect the clinicopathological features in gastric cancers, and possibly have a favorable protective effect on the progression of gastric cancer in a subset of non-cardiac gastric cancer patients.
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