In ischemic brain tissue, hypoperfusion severity can be assessed using the hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR). We evaluated the link between HIR and clinical outcomes after successful recanalization by endovascular treatment. We retrospectively reviewed 162 consecutive patients who underwent endovascular treatment for intracranial large vessel occlusion. The HIR was calculated using an automated software program, with initial computed tomography perfusion images. The HIR was compared between patients with and without favorable outcomes. To observe the modifying effect of the HIR on the well-known major outcome determinants, regression analyses were performed in the low and high HIR groups. The median HIR value was significantly lower in patients with a favorable outcome, with an optimal cut-off point of 0.54. The HIR was an independent factor for a favorable outcome in a specific multivariable model and was significantly correlated with the Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS). In contrast to the high HIR group, the low HIR group showed that ASPECTS and onset-to-recanalization time were not independently associated with a favorable outcome. Finally, the low HIR group had a more favorable outcome even in cases with an unfavorable ASPECTS and onset-to-recanalization time. The HIR could be useful in predicting outcomes after successful recanalization.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 May 1|
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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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