Low levels of physical activity are associated with increased metabolic syndrome risk factors in Korean adults

Dong Hoon Lee, Yoon-Myung Kim, Yoonsuk Jekal, Sukyung Park, Kyong Chol Kim, Masayo Naruse, Sun Hyun Kim, Sang Hwan Kim, Ji Hye Park, Mi Kyung Lee, Sang Hui Chu, Justin Y. Jeon

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Abstract

Background: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults. Methods: A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria. Results: Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c =5.5% in females (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females. Conclusion: Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism Journal
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1

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Exercise
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Guidelines
Triglycerides
Metabolic Diseases
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Fasting
Hemoglobins
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Glucose

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Lee, Dong Hoon ; Kim, Yoon-Myung ; Jekal, Yoonsuk ; Park, Sukyung ; Kim, Kyong Chol ; Naruse, Masayo ; Kim, Sun Hyun ; Kim, Sang Hwan ; Park, Ji Hye ; Lee, Mi Kyung ; Chu, Sang Hui ; Jeon, Justin Y. / Low levels of physical activity are associated with increased metabolic syndrome risk factors in Korean adults. In: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 132-139.
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title = "Low levels of physical activity are associated with increased metabolic syndrome risk factors in Korean adults",
abstract = "Background: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults. Methods: A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria. Results: Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c =5.5{\%} in females (OR, 1.75; 95{\%} CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95{\%} CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95{\%} CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95{\%} CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95{\%} CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95{\%} CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females. Conclusion: Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.",
author = "Lee, {Dong Hoon} and Yoon-Myung Kim and Yoonsuk Jekal and Sukyung Park and Kim, {Kyong Chol} and Masayo Naruse and Kim, {Sun Hyun} and Kim, {Sang Hwan} and Park, {Ji Hye} and Lee, {Mi Kyung} and Chu, {Sang Hui} and Jeon, {Justin Y.}",
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Low levels of physical activity are associated with increased metabolic syndrome risk factors in Korean adults. / Lee, Dong Hoon; Kim, Yoon-Myung; Jekal, Yoonsuk; Park, Sukyung; Kim, Kyong Chol; Naruse, Masayo; Kim, Sun Hyun; Kim, Sang Hwan; Park, Ji Hye; Lee, Mi Kyung; Chu, Sang Hui; Jeon, Justin Y.

In: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal, Vol. 37, No. 2, 01.04.2013, p. 132-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low levels of physical activity are associated with increased metabolic syndrome risk factors in Korean adults

AU - Lee, Dong Hoon

AU - Kim, Yoon-Myung

AU - Jekal, Yoonsuk

AU - Park, Sukyung

AU - Kim, Kyong Chol

AU - Naruse, Masayo

AU - Kim, Sun Hyun

AU - Kim, Sang Hwan

AU - Park, Ji Hye

AU - Lee, Mi Kyung

AU - Chu, Sang Hui

AU - Jeon, Justin Y.

PY - 2013/4/1

Y1 - 2013/4/1

N2 - Background: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults. Methods: A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria. Results: Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c =5.5% in females (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females. Conclusion: Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.

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