Low-momentum direct-photon measurement in Cu + Cu collisions at sNN =200 GeV

A. Adare, S. Afanasiev, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, H. Al-Bataineh, J. Alexander, M. Alfred, K. Aoki, L. Aphecetche, R. Armendariz, S. H. Aronson, J. Asai, E. T. Atomssa, R. Averbeck, T. C. Awes, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, A. Bagoly, G. BaksayL. Baksay, A. Baldisseri, K. N. Barish, P. D. Barnes, B. Bassalleck, S. Bathe, S. Batsouli, V. Baublis, A. Bazilevsky, S. Belikov, R. Belmont, R. Bennett, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, A. A. Bickley, M. Boer, J. G. Boissevain, J. S. Bok, H. Borel, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, G. Bunce, S. Butsyk, S. Campbell, V. Canoa Roman, B. S. Chang, J. L. Charvet, S. Chernichenko, C. Y. Chi, J. Chiba, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, T. Chujo, P. Chung, A. Churyn, V. Cianciolo, C. R. Cleven, B. A. Cole, M. P. Comets, M. Connors, P. Constantin, M. Csanád, T. Csörgo, T. Dahms, T. W. Danley, K. Das, G. David, M. B. Deaton, K. Dehmelt, H. Delagrange, A. Denisov, D. D'Enterria, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, O. Dietzsch, A. Dion, J. H. Do, M. Donadelli, O. Drapier, A. Drees, A. K. Dubey, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, V. Dzhordzhadze, Y. V. Efremenko, J. Egdemir, F. Ellinghaus, W. S. Emam, A. Enokizono, H. En'Yo, S. Esumi, K. O. Eyser, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, Z. Fraenkel, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, K. Fujiwara, Y. Fukao, T. Fusayasu, S. Gadrat, P. Gallus, P. Garg, I. Garishvili, H. Ge, A. Glenn, H. Gong, M. Gonin, J. Gosset, Y. Goto, R. Granier De Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, T. Gunji, H. A. Gustafsson, T. Hachiya, A. Hadj Henni, C. Haegemann, J. S. Haggerty, H. Hamagaki, R. Han, H. Harada, E. P. Hartouni, K. Haruna, S. Hasegawa, T. O.S. Haseler, E. Haslum, R. Hayano, X. He, M. Heffner, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, H. Hiejima, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. Hobbs, A. Hodges, M. Hohlmann, W. Holzmann, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Horaguchi, D. Hornback, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, T. Ichihara, H. Iinuma, K. Imai, M. Inaba, Y. Inoue, D. Isenhower, L. Isenhower, M. Ishihara, T. Isobe, M. Issah, A. Isupov, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, Z. Ji, J. Jia, J. Jin, O. Jinnouchi, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, D. Jouan, F. Kajihara, S. Kametani, N. Kamihara, J. Kamin, M. Kaneta, J. H. Kang, H. Kanou, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, V. Khachatryan, A. Khanzadeev, J. Kikuchi, D. H. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. Kim, E. J. Kim, M. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kinney, A. Kiss, E. Kistenev, A. Kiyomichi, J. Klay, C. Klein-Boesing, L. Kochenda, V. Kochetkov, B. Komkov, M. Konno, D. Kotchetkov, D. Kotov, A. Kozlov, A. Král, A. Kravitz, J. Kubart, G. J. Kunde, B. Kurgyis, N. Kurihara, K. Kurita, M. J. Kweon, Y. Kwon, G. S. Kyle, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, M. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, T. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. A.L. Leite, B. Lenzi, Y. H. Leung, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, X. Li, S. H. Lim, T. Liška, A. Litvinenko, M. X. Liu, S. Lökös, B. Love, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, T. Majoros, Y. I. Makdisi, A. Malakhov, M. D. Malik, V. I. Manko, Y. Mao, L. Mašek, H. Masui, F. Matathias, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, Y. Miake, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. Mihalik, P. Mikeš, K. Miki, T. E. Miller, A. Milov, S. Mioduszewski, M. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, M. Mitrovski, G. Mitsuka, T. Moon, A. Morreale, D. P. Morrison, S. I. Morrow, T. V. Moukhanova, D. Mukhopadhyay, J. Murata, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, Y. Nagata, J. L. Nagle, M. Naglis, I. Nakagawa, Y. Nakamiya, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, J. Newby, M. Nguyen, B. E. Norman, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, S. X. Oda, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Ohnishi, M. Oka, K. Okada, O. O. Omiwade, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, M. Ouchida, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, D. Pal, A. P.T. Palounek, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, J. Park, S. Park, W. J. Park, S. F. Pate, M. Patel, H. Pei, J. C. Peng, W. Peng, H. Pereira, D. V. Perepelitsa, V. Peresedov, D. Yu Peressounko, C. E. Perezlara, C. Pinkenburg, M. L. Purschke, A. K. Purwar, H. Qu, P. V. Radzevich, J. Rak, A. Rakotozafindrabe, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, S. Rembeczki, M. Reuter, K. Reygers, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, D. Richford, T. Rinn, G. Roche, A. Romana, M. Rosati, S. S.E. Rosendahl, P. Rosnet, Z. Rowan, P. Rukoyatkin, J. Runchey, V. L. Rykov, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, S. Sakai, H. Sakata, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. K. Schmoll, J. Seele, R. Seidl, V. Semenov, R. Seto, D. Sharma, I. Shein, A. Shevel, T. A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, C. Silvestre, K. S. Sim, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, S. Skutnik, M. Slunečka, A. Soldatov, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, F. Staley, P. W. Stankus, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, C. Suire, Z. Sun, J. Sziklai, T. Tabaru, S. Takagi, E. M. Takagui, A. Taketani, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, A. Taranenko, P. Tarján, T. L. Thomas, R. Tieulent, M. Togawa, A. Toia, J. Tojo, L. Tomášek, H. Torii, R. S. Towell, V. N. Tram, I. Tserruya, Y. Tsuchimoto, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, C. Vale, H. Valle, H. W. Van Hecke, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, A. A. Vinogradov, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, M. Wagner, D. Walker, X. R. Wang, D. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, F. Wei, J. Wessels, S. N. White, D. Winter, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, W. Xie, C. Xu, Q. Xu, Y. L. Yamaguchi, A. Yanovich, Z. Yasin, J. Ying, S. Yokkaichi, J. H. Yoo, G. R. Young, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, O. Zaudtke, C. Zhang, S. Zharko, S. Zhou, J. Zimamyi, L. Zolin, L. Zou

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Abstract

We measured direct photons for pT<5GeV/c in minimum bias and 0%-40% most-central events at midrapidity for Cu+Cu collisions at sNN=200GeV. The e+e- contribution from quasireal direct virtual photons has been determined as an excess over the known hadronic contributions in the e+e- mass distribution. A clear enhancement of photons over the binary scaled p+p fit is observed for pT<4GeV/c in Cu+Cu data. The pT spectra are consistent with the Au+Au data covering a similar number of participants. The inverse slopes of the exponential fits to the excess after subtraction of the p+p baseline are 285±53(stat)±57(syst)MeV/c and 333±72(stat)±45(syst)MeV/c for minimum bias and 0%-40% most-central events, respectively. The rapidity density, dN/dy, of photons demonstrates the same power law as a function of dNch/dη observed in Au+Au at the same collision energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054902
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the staff of the Collider-Accelerator and Physics Departments at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the staff of the other PHENIX participating institutions for their vital contributions. We acknowledge support from the Office of Nuclear Physics in the Office of Science of the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, Abilene Christian University Research Council, Research Foundation of SUNY, and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, Vanderbilt University (U.S.A), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Japan), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Brazil), Natural Science Foundation of China (People's Republic of China), Croatian Science Foundation and Ministry of Science and Education (Croatia), Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst, and Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung (Germany), J. Bolyai Research Scholarship, EFOP, the New National Excellence Program (ÚNKP), NKFIH, and OTKA (Hungary), Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology (India), Israel Science Foundation (Israel), Basic Science Research and SRC(CENuM) Programs through NRF funded by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and ICT (Korea), Physics Department, Lahore University of Management Sciences (Pakistan), Ministry of Education and Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Agency of Atomic Energy (Russia), VR and Wallenberg Foundation (Sweden), the U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, the Hungarian American Enterprise Scholarship Fund, the US-Hungarian Fulbright Foundation, and the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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