Low-temperature and solution-processable inorganic hole injection layer for flexible quantum-dot light-emitting diodes

Su Been Heo, Minju Kim, Jong Hun Yu, Yeonjin Yi, Seong Jun Kang

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A low-temperature solution-processable inorganic vanadium oxide (V 2 O 5 ) hole injection layer (HIL) was synthesized for flexible quantum-dot light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). Efficient hole injection characteristics were observed in the hole-only devices; furthermore, the process temperature of V 2 O 5 was as low as 30 °C. We investigated the source of the efficient hole injection behavior using ultraviolet and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The density of gap states was found to increase in accordance with process temperature reduction. Therefore, QLEDs with low-temperature solution-processable V 2 O 5 HILs were fabricated on a glass substrate, which showed excellent characteristics. The maximum luminance and luminous efficiency of the device were 56,717 Cd/m 2 and 4.03 Cd/A, respectively. Due to the low-temperature process of the V 2 O 5 HIL, it was also possible to fabricate QLEDs on a flexible plastic substrate without mechanical or thermal deformation of the substrate. Our results suggest that the low-temperature V 2 O 5 inorganic HIL is a feasible alternative to organic HILs for flexible QLEDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-662
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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