8 mol % yttria stabilized zirconia (8 YSZ) is widely used as an electrolyte material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) at high temperatures, but its poor sinterability causes complications of the cell fabrication processes, increasing manufacturing costs significantly. In this study, a low-temperature co-firing process for the YSZ-based SOFCs is developed by adding the small amount of Cu to each of YSZ electrolytes and anodes. The cells are successfully fabricated without any distortions or cracks. The cell is about 1.011 V at 850°C in open circuit voltage (OCV), which is reasonable despite of the co-firing process even at 1250°C. The maximum power density is 0.71 W cm-2 at 850°C, which has similar performance of a conventional cell fabricated by multi-step process. Overall, the co-firing process using Cu can become promising for cost-effective fabrication process of the SOFCs except the problems related to the cathode.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIP) ( 2012M1A2A2671711 ) and by the New & Renewable Energy Core Technology Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20133030011320 ).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology