Low-temperature fabrication of TiO 2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using an electrospray process

Horim Lee, Daesub Hwang, Seong Mu Jo, Dongho Kim, Yongsok Seo, Dong Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hierarchically structured TiO 2 (HS-TiO 2) was prepared on a flexible ITO-PEN (polyethylene naphthalate) substrate via electrospray deposition using a commercially available TiO 2 nanocrystalline powder in order to fabricate flexible DSSCs under low-temperature (<150 °C) conditions. The cell efficiency increased when using flexible ITO-PEN substrates post-treated by either a mechanical compression treatment or a chemical sintering treatment using titanium n-tetrabutoxide (TTB). The mechanical compression treatment reduced the surface area and porosity of the HS-TiO 2; however, this treatment improved the interparticle connectivity and physical adhesion between the HS-TiO 2 and ITO-PEN substrate, which increased the photocurrent density of the as-pressed HS-TiO 2 cells. The electron diffusion coefficients of the as-pressed HS-TiO 2 improved upon compression treatment, whereas the recombination lifetimes remained unchanged. An additional chemical sintering post-treatment involving TTB was tested for its effects on DSSC efficiency. The freshly coated TiO 2 submitted to TTB hydrolysis in water at 100 °C yielded an anatase phase. TTB treatment of the HS-TiO 2 cell after compression treatment yielded faster electron diffusion, providing an efficiency of 5.57% under 100 mW cm -2, AM 1.5 global illumination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3308-3315
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 27

Fingerprint

Fabrication
Electrodes
Substrates
Sintering
Nanocrystalline powders
Electrons
Polyethylene
Titanium
Photocurrents
Titanium dioxide
Temperature
Polyethylenes
Hydrolysis
Compaction
Adhesion
Porosity
Lighting
Water
Dye-sensitized solar cells
titanium dioxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Lee, Horim ; Hwang, Daesub ; Jo, Seong Mu ; Kim, Dongho ; Seo, Yongsok ; Kim, Dong Young. / Low-temperature fabrication of TiO 2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using an electrospray process. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2012 ; Vol. 4, No. 6. pp. 3308-3315.
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abstract = "Hierarchically structured TiO 2 (HS-TiO 2) was prepared on a flexible ITO-PEN (polyethylene naphthalate) substrate via electrospray deposition using a commercially available TiO 2 nanocrystalline powder in order to fabricate flexible DSSCs under low-temperature (<150 °C) conditions. The cell efficiency increased when using flexible ITO-PEN substrates post-treated by either a mechanical compression treatment or a chemical sintering treatment using titanium n-tetrabutoxide (TTB). The mechanical compression treatment reduced the surface area and porosity of the HS-TiO 2; however, this treatment improved the interparticle connectivity and physical adhesion between the HS-TiO 2 and ITO-PEN substrate, which increased the photocurrent density of the as-pressed HS-TiO 2 cells. The electron diffusion coefficients of the as-pressed HS-TiO 2 improved upon compression treatment, whereas the recombination lifetimes remained unchanged. An additional chemical sintering post-treatment involving TTB was tested for its effects on DSSC efficiency. The freshly coated TiO 2 submitted to TTB hydrolysis in water at 100 °C yielded an anatase phase. TTB treatment of the HS-TiO 2 cell after compression treatment yielded faster electron diffusion, providing an efficiency of 5.57{\%} under 100 mW cm -2, AM 1.5 global illumination.",
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Low-temperature fabrication of TiO 2 electrodes for flexible dye-sensitized solar cells using an electrospray process. / Lee, Horim; Hwang, Daesub; Jo, Seong Mu; Kim, Dongho; Seo, Yongsok; Kim, Dong Young.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 4, No. 6, 27.06.2012, p. 3308-3315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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