Low temperature method to passivate oxygen vacancies in un-doped ZnO films using atomic layer deposition

Yue Wang, Kyung Mun Kang, Minjae Kim, Hyung Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to oxygen vacancies, the as-prepared ZnO normally shows n-type semiconducting characteristic. This has restricted the preparation of high-quality p-type ZnO and the application of ZnO optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we studied a method of using H2O2 as an oxygen source to passivate oxygen vacancies (Vo) in ZnO films via atomic layer deposition (ALD). The temperature range for the self-limited growth of crystalline ZnO thin films by ALD using diethylzinc and H2O2 was found to be in the range of 80 to 150 °C. Our results show that the use of H2O2 as an oxygen source can provide an O-rich condition (instead of H2O) for the growth of ZnO film, with a total preferential (002) orientation of the growth plane and decreased grain size. Further, the O-rich growth environment can suppress the formation of Vo and zinc interstitials and decrease the carrier concentration in ZnO (from 2.525 × 1019 cm−3 to 1.695 × 1012 cm−3). This can lead to an increase in the film resistivity from 1.717 × 10−2 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O to 1.348 × 104 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O2. Thus, H2O2 could be used to passivate Vo in ZnO at a low temperature, and it could be beneficial for the preparation of p-type ZnO films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)852-858
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume660
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 30

Fingerprint

Atomic layer deposition
Oxygen vacancies
atomic layer epitaxy
oxygen
Temperature
Oxygen
preparation
optoelectronic devices
Optoelectronic devices
Carrier concentration
Zinc
interstitials
zinc
grain size
Crystalline materials
Thin films
electrical resistivity
thin films

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Low temperature method to passivate oxygen vacancies in un-doped ZnO films using atomic layer deposition",
abstract = "Owing to oxygen vacancies, the as-prepared ZnO normally shows n-type semiconducting characteristic. This has restricted the preparation of high-quality p-type ZnO and the application of ZnO optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we studied a method of using H2O2 as an oxygen source to passivate oxygen vacancies (Vo) in ZnO films via atomic layer deposition (ALD). The temperature range for the self-limited growth of crystalline ZnO thin films by ALD using diethylzinc and H2O2 was found to be in the range of 80 to 150 °C. Our results show that the use of H2O2 as an oxygen source can provide an O-rich condition (instead of H2O) for the growth of ZnO film, with a total preferential (002) orientation of the growth plane and decreased grain size. Further, the O-rich growth environment can suppress the formation of Vo and zinc interstitials and decrease the carrier concentration in ZnO (from 2.525 × 1019 cm−3 to 1.695 × 1012 cm−3). This can lead to an increase in the film resistivity from 1.717 × 10−2 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O to 1.348 × 104 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O2. Thus, H2O2 could be used to passivate Vo in ZnO at a low temperature, and it could be beneficial for the preparation of p-type ZnO films.",
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Low temperature method to passivate oxygen vacancies in un-doped ZnO films using atomic layer deposition. / Wang, Yue; Kang, Kyung Mun; Kim, Minjae; Park, Hyung Ho.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 660, 30.08.2018, p. 852-858.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Owing to oxygen vacancies, the as-prepared ZnO normally shows n-type semiconducting characteristic. This has restricted the preparation of high-quality p-type ZnO and the application of ZnO optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we studied a method of using H2O2 as an oxygen source to passivate oxygen vacancies (Vo) in ZnO films via atomic layer deposition (ALD). The temperature range for the self-limited growth of crystalline ZnO thin films by ALD using diethylzinc and H2O2 was found to be in the range of 80 to 150 °C. Our results show that the use of H2O2 as an oxygen source can provide an O-rich condition (instead of H2O) for the growth of ZnO film, with a total preferential (002) orientation of the growth plane and decreased grain size. Further, the O-rich growth environment can suppress the formation of Vo and zinc interstitials and decrease the carrier concentration in ZnO (from 2.525 × 1019 cm−3 to 1.695 × 1012 cm−3). This can lead to an increase in the film resistivity from 1.717 × 10−2 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O to 1.348 × 104 Ω·cm for a ZnO film prepared using H2O2. Thus, H2O2 could be used to passivate Vo in ZnO at a low temperature, and it could be beneficial for the preparation of p-type ZnO films.

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