Low-thermal-budget (300 °c) ferroelectric TiN/Hf0.5Zr0.5O2/TiN capacitors realized using high-pressure annealing

Si Joon Kim, Yong Chan Jung, Jaidah Mohan, Hyo Jeong Kim, Sung Min Rho, Min Seong Kim, Jeong Gyu Yoo, Hye Ryeon Park, Heber Hernandez-Arriaga, Jin Hyun Kim, Hyung Tae Kim, Dong Hyun Choi, Joohye Jung, Su Min Hwang, Harrison Sejoon Kim, Hyun Jae Kim, Jiyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this Letter, a high-pressure annealing (HPA) process is proposed as a way to reduce the thermal budget of Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 (HZO) thin films with ferroelectric behaviors. The low-thermal-budget process is essential for integrating ferroelectric devices in the back-end-of-line to provide more functionalities and effective memory area. For the HZO film annealed at 300 °C using the HPA process, an orthorhombic phase responsible for ferroelectric behavior was formed with a decrease in film thickness, resulting in a remanent polarization (Pr) of ∼13 μC/cm2 (i.e., 2Pr of ∼26 μC/cm2). Meanwhile, when only the annealing time was increased at 300 °C without applying pressure, the HZO film did not crystallize and exhibited linear dielectric properties. Consequently, the HZO films (<10 nm) can be crystallized by applying pressure (15 atm) even at low temperatures of 300 °C, thereby obtaining ferroelectric properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242901
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 13

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2019R1F1A1059972) and GRC-LMD program (No. 3001.001) of SRC. This work was also partially supported by the Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) grant (No. P0017011, HRD Program for Industrial Innovation) and Technology Innovation Program (No. 20010806) funded by the Korea government (MOTIE). The ozone generator used in this work was provided by Toshiba-Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation (TMEIC).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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