LSCM-YSZ nanocomposites for a high performance SOFC anode

Inyong Jung, Daehee Lee, Seong Oh Lee, Dongha Kim, Joosun Kim, Sang Hoon Hyun, Jooho Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O 3-δ (LSCM) is a promising Ni-free anode material with reliable performance. LSCM retains excellent stability in both oxidizing and reducing environments at high operating temperatures, which makes it adoptable as solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anodes. However, the relatively inferior catalytic activity compared to Ni composite anodes limits the applicability in SOFC systems. Nanocomposite La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn 0.5O3-δ-Y0.16Zr0.84O 1.92 (LSCM-YSZ) anodes are investigated to improve the catalytic activity by effective dispersion of LSCM nanoparticles on stable YSZ backbones. LSCM-YSZ nanocomposite powders were synthesized via a polymerizable complex method. LSM-YSZ|yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ)|LSCM-YSZ unit cells were characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and a current interruption method. Compositional mapping analysis on the LSCM-YSZ nanocomposite anode demonstrates uniform dispersion of LSCM nanoparticles and phase connectivity between LSCM and YSZ, resulting in a lower electrode polarization resistance of 1.82 Ω cm2 and greater peak power density of 177 mW cm-2 at 850 C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9753-9758
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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