m b(Pn) Scale for the Korean Peninsula and Site-Dependent Pn Amplification

Tae Kyung Hong, Kiwook Lee

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The Korean Peninsula is located in the far-eastern Eurasian plate margin where crustal structures vary laterally, causing significant raypath-dependent modulations of crustal phases. The discriminative variations of crustal phases hinder application of conventional local magnitude scales in the continental margin. The mantle-lid phase is less affected by the crustal structures than the crustal phases, providing a better constraint to magnitude estimation. A regional body-wave magnitude scale based on the mantle-lid P wave (Pn), m b(Pn), is developed for regional events around the Korean Peninsula. The m b(Pn) scale is determined to be m b(Pn) = 0. 380 (±0.299) + log A + 2.012 (±0.122) log d, where A is the peak-to-peak Pn amplitude in μm and d is the epicentral distance in km. The m b(Pn) estimates of regional events around the Korean Peninsula are determined. The m b(Pn) estimates are compared with other available magnitude estimates (m b(Lg), M L). The influence of structures beneath stations on Pn amplification is investigated from inter-station magnitude residuals. A characteristic spatial variation of inter-station magnitude residuals with strengths mostly between -6 and 6 %, but with maximum strengths of ±10 %, is observed. The inter-station magnitude residuals appears to be correlated well with geological and seismic structures in the crust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1963-1975
Number of pages13
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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