In this study, we investigated the protective effect of macelignan, isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt. (nutmeg) against tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced cytotoxicity in a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. The tetrazolium dye colorimetric test (MTT test) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay were used to monitor cell viability and necrosis, respectively. Lipid peroxidation [malondialdehyde (MDA) formation] was estimated by the fluorometric method. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was measured using a fluorescent probe 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA), and DNA damage was detected using single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). The results showed that macelignan significantly reduced the cell growth inhibition and necrosis caused by t-BHP. Furthermore, macelignan ameliorated lipid peroxidation as demonstrated by a reduction in MDA formation in a dose-dependent manner. It was also found that macelignan reduced intracellular ROS formation and DNA damaging effect caused by t-BHP. These results strongly suggest that macelignan has significant protective ability against oxidative damage caused by reactive intermediates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry