Macelignan protects HepG2 cells against tert-butylhydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage

Jong Hee Sohn, Kyu Lee Han, Jeong Han Choo, Jae-Kwan Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the protective effect of macelignan, isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt. (nutmeg) against tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced cytotoxicity in a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. The tetrazolium dye colorimetric test (MTT test) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay were used to monitor cell viability and necrosis, respectively. Lipid peroxidation [malondialdehyde (MDA) formation] was estimated by the fluorometric method. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was measured using a fluorescent probe 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA), and DNA damage was detected using single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). The results showed that macelignan significantly reduced the cell growth inhibition and necrosis caused by t-BHP. Furthermore, macelignan ameliorated lipid peroxidation as demonstrated by a reduction in MDA formation in a dose-dependent manner. It was also found that macelignan reduced intracellular ROS formation and DNA damaging effect caused by t-BHP. These results strongly suggest that macelignan has significant protective ability against oxidative damage caused by reactive intermediates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBioFactors
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 2

Fingerprint

tert-Butylhydroperoxide
Hep G2 Cells
Myristica fragrans
Comet Assay
Malondialdehyde
Lipid Peroxidation
Assays
Reactive Oxygen Species
Necrosis
Cells
Lipids
DNA
Cell growth
Cytotoxicity
Electrophoresis
Fluorescent Dyes
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
DNA Damage
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Cell Survival

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Sohn, Jong Hee ; Han, Kyu Lee ; Choo, Jeong Han ; Hwang, Jae-Kwan. / Macelignan protects HepG2 cells against tert-butylhydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage. In: BioFactors. 2007 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
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Macelignan protects HepG2 cells against tert-butylhydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage. / Sohn, Jong Hee; Han, Kyu Lee; Choo, Jeong Han; Hwang, Jae-Kwan.

In: BioFactors, Vol. 29, No. 1, 02.07.2007, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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