Macroscopic self-propelled objects

Guanjia Zhao, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Self-propelled systems are currently in the spotlight of the research community. We review the progress of the construction of both millimeter- and centimeter-sized self-propelled macroscopic objects. We will also discuss the various sources of energy used by these systems, such as the electromagnetic field, electric field, thermal gradient, and chemical energy, and present how these millimeter- and centimeter-sized devices can move at velocities of tens cm s -1 and distances of several tens of meters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1994-2002
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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