Magnetic and electrical properties of spin valve with single and double specular oxide layers

Jongill Hong, Kenji Noma, Hitoshi Kanai, Junichi Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Appropriate oxide capping on a spin valve significantly improved electrical and magnetic properties. The interlayer exchange coupling oscillated in the thickness range of a Cu spacer (between 20 and 30 Å). The coupling was antiferromagnetic and it allowed us to reduce the Cu spacer down to 20 Å without sacrificing the good properties of the spin valve. The improvement is due to enhanced specular reflection at the interface between the magnetic and the oxide layer and to less current shunting through the Cu spacer. In particular, the Cu in the capping acts as a filter controlling the diffusion of oxygen, which has led to the soft magnetic properties. Embedding an additional thin oxide layer into the pinned layer further improved the magnetoresistance response of the spin valve. Confinement of electrons between two oxides helps increase the occurrence of spin-dependent scattering. As a result, high giant magnetoresistance values resulted. The coupling oscillated from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic as a function of thickness of the Cu spacer. No significant bias in the coupling was observed and this lack of bias can be attributed to the smoothness of the interfaces. The oscillations were observable due to amplified Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida-like coupling by strong reflection at the interfaces of the oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6940-6942
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume89
Issue number11 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jun 1

Fingerprint

spacers
electrical properties
magnetic properties
oxides
specular reflection
embedding
interlayers
occurrences
filters
oscillations
oxygen
scattering
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hong, Jongill ; Noma, Kenji ; Kanai, Hitoshi ; Kane, Junichi. / Magnetic and electrical properties of spin valve with single and double specular oxide layers. In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2001 ; Vol. 89, No. 11 II. pp. 6940-6942.
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abstract = "Appropriate oxide capping on a spin valve significantly improved electrical and magnetic properties. The interlayer exchange coupling oscillated in the thickness range of a Cu spacer (between 20 and 30 {\AA}). The coupling was antiferromagnetic and it allowed us to reduce the Cu spacer down to 20 {\AA} without sacrificing the good properties of the spin valve. The improvement is due to enhanced specular reflection at the interface between the magnetic and the oxide layer and to less current shunting through the Cu spacer. In particular, the Cu in the capping acts as a filter controlling the diffusion of oxygen, which has led to the soft magnetic properties. Embedding an additional thin oxide layer into the pinned layer further improved the magnetoresistance response of the spin valve. Confinement of electrons between two oxides helps increase the occurrence of spin-dependent scattering. As a result, high giant magnetoresistance values resulted. The coupling oscillated from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic as a function of thickness of the Cu spacer. No significant bias in the coupling was observed and this lack of bias can be attributed to the smoothness of the interfaces. The oscillations were observable due to amplified Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida-like coupling by strong reflection at the interfaces of the oxides.",
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Magnetic and electrical properties of spin valve with single and double specular oxide layers. / Hong, Jongill; Noma, Kenji; Kanai, Hitoshi; Kane, Junichi.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, No. 11 II, 01.06.2001, p. 6940-6942.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Kane, Junichi

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AB - Appropriate oxide capping on a spin valve significantly improved electrical and magnetic properties. The interlayer exchange coupling oscillated in the thickness range of a Cu spacer (between 20 and 30 Å). The coupling was antiferromagnetic and it allowed us to reduce the Cu spacer down to 20 Å without sacrificing the good properties of the spin valve. The improvement is due to enhanced specular reflection at the interface between the magnetic and the oxide layer and to less current shunting through the Cu spacer. In particular, the Cu in the capping acts as a filter controlling the diffusion of oxygen, which has led to the soft magnetic properties. Embedding an additional thin oxide layer into the pinned layer further improved the magnetoresistance response of the spin valve. Confinement of electrons between two oxides helps increase the occurrence of spin-dependent scattering. As a result, high giant magnetoresistance values resulted. The coupling oscillated from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic as a function of thickness of the Cu spacer. No significant bias in the coupling was observed and this lack of bias can be attributed to the smoothness of the interfaces. The oscillations were observable due to amplified Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida-like coupling by strong reflection at the interfaces of the oxides.

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