Magnetic poly(ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate) (PECA) nanoparticles containing anti-cancer drugs (Cisplatin and Gemcitabine) were prepared by inter-facial polymerization. The spherical nanoparticles (d=250±15nm) with smooth surfaces and moderately uniform size distributions were obtained. The amount of magnetite encapsulated inside the polymer matrix was increased up to 14.26% (w/w) by controlling the initial weight ratio of monomer/magnetite. It was found that the amount of Cisplatin encapsulated in the magnetic nanoparticle is much higher than that of Gemcitabine because Cisplatin (hydrophobic) is highly soluble in the oil phase and encapsulated easier inside nanoparticles compared to Gemcitabine (hydrophilic). The presence of magnetite and its super-paramagnetic characteristic were confirmed by FTIR spectra and VSM. In-vitro experiments of drug release and magnetic mobility under external magnetic field demonstrated that magnetic poly(ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate) (PECA) nanoparticles can be a highly versatile magnetic drug carrier with sustained release behaviour and sufficient magnetic susceptibility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry