Management status of end-of-life vehicles and characteristics of automobile shredder residues in Korea

Ki Heon Kim, Hyun Tae Joung, Hoon Nam, Yong Chil Seo, John Hee Hong, Tae Wook Yoo, Bong Soo Lim, Jin Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An end-of-life vehicle (ELV) is dismantled to recover and recycle any re-usable parts, then shipped to the shredding facility for further recovery of iron with any remaining Automobile Shredder Residue (ASR) to be considered as wastes and to be disposed of by either thermal treatment or landfill. Overall ELVs management status in Korea, including recycling resulting from the dismantling processes, was surveyed using some questionnaires given to dismantlers and other available information to provide some feasible means for future treatment. The averaged recycle rate in the dismantling stage showed a value of 44% and the rest of an ELV was then compressed and transported to shredding companies to recover mainly the iron content which averaged 38.7% of the mass of a new vehicle. The non-ferrous metals such as copper, antimony, zinc and aluminum accounted for only 1.5%. The Shredder dusts (SDs) were found to be composed of light and heavy fluffs and soil/dust and amounted to 15.8% based on the mass of a new vehicle. Dumping of fluff and inorganic residues into a landfill site, however, will be restricted when new regulations are implemented to reduce the disposal amount to less than 5% of a new car as done in European countries and Japan. The detailed characteristics of SDs were investigated to provide an idea of how to treat them in order to meet a future expected enforcement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Waste Management and Disposal

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