Porous manganese oxide thin film electrodes were prepared for use in electrochemical capacitors by electrostatic spray deposition. The as-prepared manganese oxide film showed ideal capacitive behavior after potential cycling within the range of -0.1 to 0.9 V (vs saturated calomel electrode) in a 0.1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte. Analysis of the X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and Raman scattering data during the cycling showed that the as-prepared crystalline Mn3O4 film was electrochemically oxidized to pseudocapacitive amorphous MnO2 film by the potential cycling. The effects of the film thickness and heat treatment temperature of the as-prepared manganese oxide films on the electrochemical properties were also investigated. The specific capacitance of the electrochemically oxidized amorphous MnO2 films was dependent on the film thickness, rather than on the heat treatment of the as-prepared oxide films. The specific capacitance decreased from 330 to 150 F/g as the mass (i.e., thickness) of the oxide was increased from 18 to 116 μg/cm2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry