Material performance and animal clinical studies on performance-optimized Hwangtoh mixed mortar and concrete to evaluate their mechanical properties and health benefits

Bon Min Koo, Jang Ho Jay Kim, Tae Kyun Kim, Byung Yun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the amount of cement used in a concrete mix is minimized to reduce the toxic effects on users by adjusting the concrete mixture contents. The reduction of cement is achieved by using various admixtures (ground granulated blast-furnace slag, flyash, ordinary Portland cement, and activated Hwangtoh powder). To apply the mix to construction, material property tests such as compressive strength, slump, and pH are performed. Preliminary experimental results showed that the Hwangtoh concrete could be used as a healthy construction material. Also, the health issues and effects of Hwangtoh mortar are quantitatively evaluated through an animal clinical test. Mice are placed in Hwangtoh mortar and cement mortar cages to record their activity. For the test, five cages are made with Hwangtoh and ordinary Portland cement mortar floors, using Hwangtoh powder replacement ratios of 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% of the normal cement mortar mixing ratio, and two cages are made with Hwangtoh mortar living quarters. The activity parameter measurements included weight, food intake, water intake, residential space selection, breeding activity, and aggression. The study results can be used to evaluate the benefits of using Hwangtoh as a cement replacing admixture for lifestyle, health and sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6257-6276
Number of pages20
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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