Maximum stress estimation model for multi-span waler beams with deflections at the supports using average strains

Sung Woo Park, Byung Kwan Oh, Hyo Seon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The safety of a multi-span waler beam subjected simultaneously to a distributed load and deflections at its supports can be secured by limiting the maximum stress of the beam to a specific value to prevent the beam from reaching a limit state for failure or collapse. Despite the fact that the vast majority of accidents on construction sites occur at waler beams in retaining wall systems, no safety monitoring model that can consider deflections at the supports of the beam is available. In this paper, a maximum stress estimation model for a waler beam based on average strains measured from vibrating wire strain gauges (VWSGs), the most frequently used sensors in construction field, is presented. The model is derived by defining the relationship between the maximum stress and the average strains measured from VWSGs. In addition to the maximum stress, support reactions, deflections at supports, and the magnitudes of distributed loads for the beam structure can be identified by the estimation model using the average strains. Using simulation tests on two multi-span beams, the performance of the model is evaluated by estimating maximum stress, deflections at supports, support reactions, and the magnitudes of distributed loads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7728-7741
Number of pages14
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 30

Fingerprint

deflection
Safety
Accidents
Strain gages
Wire
strain gages
Retaining walls
safety
Security systems
wire
accidents
retaining
Monitoring
Sensors
estimating
sensors
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The safety of a multi-span waler beam subjected simultaneously to a distributed load and deflections at its supports can be secured by limiting the maximum stress of the beam to a specific value to prevent the beam from reaching a limit state for failure or collapse. Despite the fact that the vast majority of accidents on construction sites occur at waler beams in retaining wall systems, no safety monitoring model that can consider deflections at the supports of the beam is available. In this paper, a maximum stress estimation model for a waler beam based on average strains measured from vibrating wire strain gauges (VWSGs), the most frequently used sensors in construction field, is presented. The model is derived by defining the relationship between the maximum stress and the average strains measured from VWSGs. In addition to the maximum stress, support reactions, deflections at supports, and the magnitudes of distributed loads for the beam structure can be identified by the estimation model using the average strains. Using simulation tests on two multi-span beams, the performance of the model is evaluated by estimating maximum stress, deflections at supports, support reactions, and the magnitudes of distributed loads.",
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Maximum stress estimation model for multi-span waler beams with deflections at the supports using average strains. / Park, Sung Woo; Oh, Byung Kwan; Park, Hyo Seon.

In: Sensors (Switzerland), Vol. 15, No. 4, 30.03.2015, p. 7728-7741.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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