Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV

PHENIX Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the measurement of cumulants (Cn,n=1,⋯,4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (|η|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-200GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C1/C2, C3/C1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C1/C2 and C3/C1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011901
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 19

Fingerprint

charge distribution
collisions
baryons
quantum chromodynamics
statistical analysis
center of mass
energy
heavy ions
phase diagrams
magnetic permeability
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{72bef84ac8ef4209a27a9231fb3e78df,
title = "Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV",
abstract = "We report the measurement of cumulants (Cn,n=1,⋯,4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (|η|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-200GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C1/C2, C3/C1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C1/C2 and C3/C1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.",
author = "{PHENIX Collaboration} and A. Adare and S. Afanasiev and C. Aidala and Ajitanand, {N. N.} and Y. Akiba and R. Akimoto and H. Al-Bataineh and J. Alexander and H. Al-Ta'Ani and A. Angerami and K. Aoki and N. Apadula and Y. Aramaki and H. Asano and Aschenauer, {E. C.} and Atomssa, {E. T.} and R. Averbeck and Awes, {T. C.} and B. Azmoun and V. Babintsev and M. Bai and G. Baksay and L. Baksay and B. Bannier and Barish, {K. N.} and B. Bassalleck and Basye, {A. T.} and S. Bathe and V. Baublis and C. Baumann and S. Baumgart and A. Bazilevsky and S. Belikov and R. Belmont and R. Bennett and A. Berdnikov and Y. Berdnikov and Bickley, {A. A.} and D. Black and Blau, {D. S.} and Bok, {J. S.} and K. Boyle and Brooks, {M. L.} and J. Bryslawskyj and H. Buesching and V. Bumazhnov and G. Bunce and S. Butsyk and Kang, {Ju Hwan} and Youngil Kwon",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.93.011901",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "1",

}

Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV. / PHENIX Collaboration.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 93, No. 1, 011901, 19.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV

AU - PHENIX Collaboration

AU - Adare, A.

AU - Afanasiev, S.

AU - Aidala, C.

AU - Ajitanand, N. N.

AU - Akiba, Y.

AU - Akimoto, R.

AU - Al-Bataineh, H.

AU - Alexander, J.

AU - Al-Ta'Ani, H.

AU - Angerami, A.

AU - Aoki, K.

AU - Apadula, N.

AU - Aramaki, Y.

AU - Asano, H.

AU - Aschenauer, E. C.

AU - Atomssa, E. T.

AU - Averbeck, R.

AU - Awes, T. C.

AU - Azmoun, B.

AU - Babintsev, V.

AU - Bai, M.

AU - Baksay, G.

AU - Baksay, L.

AU - Bannier, B.

AU - Barish, K. N.

AU - Bassalleck, B.

AU - Basye, A. T.

AU - Bathe, S.

AU - Baublis, V.

AU - Baumann, C.

AU - Baumgart, S.

AU - Bazilevsky, A.

AU - Belikov, S.

AU - Belmont, R.

AU - Bennett, R.

AU - Berdnikov, A.

AU - Berdnikov, Y.

AU - Bickley, A. A.

AU - Black, D.

AU - Blau, D. S.

AU - Bok, J. S.

AU - Boyle, K.

AU - Brooks, M. L.

AU - Bryslawskyj, J.

AU - Buesching, H.

AU - Bumazhnov, V.

AU - Bunce, G.

AU - Butsyk, S.

AU - Kang, Ju Hwan

AU - Kwon, Youngil

PY - 2016/1/19

Y1 - 2016/1/19

N2 - We report the measurement of cumulants (Cn,n=1,⋯,4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (|η|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-200GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C1/C2, C3/C1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C1/C2 and C3/C1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.

AB - We report the measurement of cumulants (Cn,n=1,⋯,4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (|η|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-200GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C1/C2, C3/C1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C1/C2 and C3/C1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955442916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955442916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.011901

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.011901

M3 - Article

VL - 93

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 1

M1 - 011901

ER -