Measurement of temperature and h2 o concentration in premixed ch4 /air flame using two partially overlapped h2 o absorption signals in the near infrared region

Sunghyun So, Nakwon Jeong, Aran Song, Jungho Hwang, Daehae Kim, Changyeop Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is important to monitor the temperature and H2 O concentration in a large combustion environment in order to improve combustion (and thermal) efficiency and reduce harmful combustion emissions. However, it is difficult to simultaneously measure both internal temperature and gas concentration in a large combustion system because of the harsh environment with rapid flow. In regard, tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy, which has the advantages of non-intrusive, high-speed response, and in situ measurement, is highly attractive for measuring the concentration of a specific gas species in the combustion environment. In this study, two partially overlapped H2 O absorption signals were used in the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) to measure the temperature and H2 O concentration in a premixed CH4 /air flame due to the wide selection of wavelengths with high temperature sensitivity and advantages where high frequency modulation can be applied. The wavelength regions of the two partially overlapped H2 O absorptions were 1.3492 and 1.34927 µm. The measured signals separated the multi-peak Voigt fitting. As a result, the temperature measured by TDLAS based on multi-peak Voigt fitting in the premixed CH4 /air flame was the highest at 1385.80 K for an equivalence ratio of 1.00. It also showed a similarity to those tendencies to the temperature measured by the corrected R-type T/C. In addition, the H2 O concentrations measured by TDLAS based on the total integrated absorbance area for various equivalent ratios were consistent with those calculated by the chemical equilibrium simulation. Additionally, the H2 O concentration measured at an equivalence ratio of 1.15 was the highest at 18.92%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3701
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2E31340-21-P012).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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