Measurement of transverse energy at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV

ALICE Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the transverse energy (ET) measured with ALICE at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV as a function of centrality. The transverse energy was measured using identified single-particle tracks. The measurement was cross checked using the electromagnetic calorimeters and the transverse momentum distributions of identified particles previously reported by ALICE. The results are compared to theoretical models as well as to results from other experiments. The mean ET per unit pseudorapidity (η), (dET/dη), in 0%-5% central collisions is 1737±6(stat.)±97(sys.) GeV. We find a similar centrality dependence of the shape of (dET/dη) as a function of the number of participating nucleons to that seen at lower energies. The growth in (dET/dη) at the LHC energies exceeds extrapolations of low-energy data. We observe a nearly linear scaling of (dET/dη) with the number of quark participants. With the canonical assumption of a 1 fm/c formation time, we estimate that the energy density in 0%-5% central Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV is 12.3±1.0GeV/fm3 and that the energy density at the most central 80fm2 of the collision is at least 21.5±1.7GeV/fm3. This is roughly 2.3 times that observed in 0%-5% central Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034903
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 15

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collisions
flux density
energy
particle tracks
transverse momentum
nucleons
calorimeters
extrapolation
quarks
electromagnetism
scaling
estimates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{e1b55b8f983849d2ae9197e04742427c,
title = "Measurement of transverse energy at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV",
abstract = "We report the transverse energy (ET) measured with ALICE at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV as a function of centrality. The transverse energy was measured using identified single-particle tracks. The measurement was cross checked using the electromagnetic calorimeters and the transverse momentum distributions of identified particles previously reported by ALICE. The results are compared to theoretical models as well as to results from other experiments. The mean ET per unit pseudorapidity (η), (dET/dη), in 0{\%}-5{\%} central collisions is 1737±6(stat.)±97(sys.) GeV. We find a similar centrality dependence of the shape of (dET/dη) as a function of the number of participating nucleons to that seen at lower energies. The growth in (dET/dη) at the LHC energies exceeds extrapolations of low-energy data. We observe a nearly linear scaling of (dET/dη) with the number of quark participants. With the canonical assumption of a 1 fm/c formation time, we estimate that the energy density in 0{\%}-5{\%} central Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV is 12.3±1.0GeV/fm3 and that the energy density at the most central 80fm2 of the collision is at least 21.5±1.7GeV/fm3. This is roughly 2.3 times that observed in 0{\%}-5{\%} central Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV.",
author = "{ALICE Collaboration} and J. Adam and D. Adamov{\'a} and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and {Aglieri Rinella}, G. and M. Agnello and N. Agrawal and Z. Ahammed and S. Ahmad and Ahn, {S. U.} and S. Aiola and A. Akindinov and Alam, {S. N.} and Albuquerque, {D. S.D.} and D. Aleksandrov and B. Alessandro and D. Alexandre and {Alfaro Molina}, R. and A. Alici and A. Alkin and Almaraz, {J. R.M.} and J. Alme and T. Alt and S. Altinpinar and I. Altsybeev and {Alves Garcia Prado}, C. and C. Andrei and A. Andronic and V. Anguelov and T. Antičić and F. Antinori and P. Antonioli and L. Aphecetche and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and S. Arcelli and R. Arnaldi and Arnold, {O. W.} and Arsene, {I. C.} and M. Arslandok and B. Audurier and A. Augustinus and R. Averbeck and Azmi, {M. D.} and A. Badal{\`a} and Baek, {Y. W.} and S. Bagnasco and R. Bailhache and R. Bala and S. Balasubramanian and Kang, {Ju Hwan} and Youngil Kwon",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.94.034903",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
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}

Measurement of transverse energy at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV. / ALICE Collaboration.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 94, No. 3, 034903, 15.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of transverse energy at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at s NN =2.76 TeV

AU - ALICE Collaboration

AU - Adam, J.

AU - Adamová, D.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Aglieri Rinella, G.

AU - Agnello, M.

AU - Agrawal, N.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Ahmad, S.

AU - Ahn, S. U.

AU - Aiola, S.

AU - Akindinov, A.

AU - Alam, S. N.

AU - Albuquerque, D. S.D.

AU - Aleksandrov, D.

AU - Alessandro, B.

AU - Alexandre, D.

AU - Alfaro Molina, R.

AU - Alici, A.

AU - Alkin, A.

AU - Almaraz, J. R.M.

AU - Alme, J.

AU - Alt, T.

AU - Altinpinar, S.

AU - Altsybeev, I.

AU - Alves Garcia Prado, C.

AU - Andrei, C.

AU - Andronic, A.

AU - Anguelov, V.

AU - Antičić, T.

AU - Antinori, F.

AU - Antonioli, P.

AU - Aphecetche, L.

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Arnaldi, R.

AU - Arnold, O. W.

AU - Arsene, I. C.

AU - Arslandok, M.

AU - Audurier, B.

AU - Augustinus, A.

AU - Averbeck, R.

AU - Azmi, M. D.

AU - Badalà, A.

AU - Baek, Y. W.

AU - Bagnasco, S.

AU - Bailhache, R.

AU - Bala, R.

AU - Balasubramanian, S.

AU - Kang, Ju Hwan

AU - Kwon, Youngil

PY - 2016/9/15

Y1 - 2016/9/15

N2 - We report the transverse energy (ET) measured with ALICE at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV as a function of centrality. The transverse energy was measured using identified single-particle tracks. The measurement was cross checked using the electromagnetic calorimeters and the transverse momentum distributions of identified particles previously reported by ALICE. The results are compared to theoretical models as well as to results from other experiments. The mean ET per unit pseudorapidity (η), (dET/dη), in 0%-5% central collisions is 1737±6(stat.)±97(sys.) GeV. We find a similar centrality dependence of the shape of (dET/dη) as a function of the number of participating nucleons to that seen at lower energies. The growth in (dET/dη) at the LHC energies exceeds extrapolations of low-energy data. We observe a nearly linear scaling of (dET/dη) with the number of quark participants. With the canonical assumption of a 1 fm/c formation time, we estimate that the energy density in 0%-5% central Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV is 12.3±1.0GeV/fm3 and that the energy density at the most central 80fm2 of the collision is at least 21.5±1.7GeV/fm3. This is roughly 2.3 times that observed in 0%-5% central Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV.

AB - We report the transverse energy (ET) measured with ALICE at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV as a function of centrality. The transverse energy was measured using identified single-particle tracks. The measurement was cross checked using the electromagnetic calorimeters and the transverse momentum distributions of identified particles previously reported by ALICE. The results are compared to theoretical models as well as to results from other experiments. The mean ET per unit pseudorapidity (η), (dET/dη), in 0%-5% central collisions is 1737±6(stat.)±97(sys.) GeV. We find a similar centrality dependence of the shape of (dET/dη) as a function of the number of participating nucleons to that seen at lower energies. The growth in (dET/dη) at the LHC energies exceeds extrapolations of low-energy data. We observe a nearly linear scaling of (dET/dη) with the number of quark participants. With the canonical assumption of a 1 fm/c formation time, we estimate that the energy density in 0%-5% central Pb-Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV is 12.3±1.0GeV/fm3 and that the energy density at the most central 80fm2 of the collision is at least 21.5±1.7GeV/fm3. This is roughly 2.3 times that observed in 0%-5% central Au-Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.94.034903

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.94.034903

M3 - Article

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VL - 94

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 3

M1 - 034903

ER -