Measurements of the branching fractions B (B ¯ 0 →d∗+π-) and B (B ¯ 0 →d∗+K-) and tests of QCD factorization

J. F. Krohn, D. Ferlewicz, P. Urquijo, I. Adachi, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, D. M. Asner, H. Atmacan, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, V. Babu, S. Bahinipati, P. Behera, K. Belous, M. Bessner, V. Bhardwaj, B. Bhuyan, T. Bilka, D. Bodrov, G. BonviciniJ. Borah, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, P. Branchini, T. E. Browder, A. Budano, M. Campajola, D. Červenkov, M. C. Chang, P. Chang, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, H. E. Cho, K. Cho, S. J. Cho, Y. Choi, S. Choudhury, D. Cinabro, S. Cunliffe, S. Das, N. Dash, G. De Nardo, G. De Pietro, R. Dhamija, F. Di Capua, Z. DoleŽal, T. V. Dong, D. Epifanov, T. Ferber, B. G. Fulsom, R. Garg, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, P. Goldenzweig, B. Golob, E. Graziani, T. Gu, K. Gudkova, C. Hadjivasiliou, T. Hara, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, W. S. Hou, C. L. Hsu, K. Inami, A. Ishikawa, M. Iwasaki, Y. Iwasaki, W. W. Jacobs, E. J. Jang, S. Jia, Y. Jin, K. K. Joo, J. Kahn, A. B. Kaliyar, K. H. Kang, T. Kawasaki, H. Kichimi, C. Kiesling, C. H. Kim, D. Y. Kim, Y. K. Kim, K. Kinoshita, P. Kodyš, T. Konno, A. Korobov, S. Korpar, E. Kovalenko, P. KriŽan, P. Krokovny, M. Kumar, R. Kumar, K. Kumara, Y. J. Kwon, T. Lam, M. Laurenza, S. C. Lee, J. Li, L. K. Li, Y. B. Li, L. Li Gioi, J. Libby, D. Liventsev, A. Martini, M. Masuda, T. Matsuda, D. Matvienko, S. K. Maurya, F. Meier, M. Merola, F. Metzner, K. Miyabayashi, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, R. Mussa, M. Nakao, D. Narwal, Z. Natkaniec, A. Natochii, L. Nayak, N. K. Nisar, S. Nishida, K. Nishimura, K. Ogawa, S. Ogawa, H. Ono, P. Oskin, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, T. Pang, S. Pardi, S. H. Park, S. Patra, T. K. Pedlar, R. Pestotnik, L. E. Piilonen, T. Podobnik, V. Popov, M. T. Prim, M. Röhrken, A. Rostomyan, N. Rout, G. Russo, D. Sahoo, S. Sandilya, A. Sangal, L. Santelj, T. Sanuki, V. Savinov, G. Schnell, J. Schueler, C. Schwanda, Y. Seino, K. Senyo, M. E. Sevior, M. Shapkin, C. Sharma, V. Shebalin, C. P. Shen, J. G. Shiu, B. Shwartz, F. Simon, E. Solovieva, S. Stanič, M. Starič, Z. S. Stottler, M. Sumihama, K. Sumisawa, T. Sumiyoshi, W. Sutcliffe, M. Takizawa, U. Tamponi, K. Tanida, F. Tenchini, K. Trabelsi, M. Uchida, Y. Unno, K. Uno, S. Uno, S. E. Vahsen, R. Van Tonder, G. Varner, K. E. Varvell, A. Vinokurova, E. Waheed, E. Wang, M. Z. Wang, X. L. Wang, S. Watanuki, E. Won, W. Yan, H. Ye, J. Yelton, J. H. Yin, Y. Yusa, Y. Zhai, V. Zhilich, V. Zhukova

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Using (771.6±10.6)×106 BB¯ meson pairs recorded by the Belle experiment at the KEKB e+e- collider, we report the branching fractions B(B¯0→D∗+π-)=(2.62±0.02±0.09)×10-3 and B(B¯0→D∗+K-)=(2.22±0.06±0.08)×10-4; the quoted uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. A measurement of the ratio of these branching fractions is also presented, RK/π=B(B¯→D∗+K-)/B(B¯→D∗+π-)=(8.41±0.24±0.13)×10-2, where systematic uncertainties due to the D∗+ meson reconstruction cancel out. Furthermore, we report a new QCD factorization test based on the measured ratios for B¯→D∗+h- and B¯→D∗+ℓ-ν decays at squared momentum transfer values equivalent to the mass of the h=π or K hadron. The parameters |a1(h)| are measured to be |a1(π)|=0.884±0.004±0.003±0.016 and |a1(K)|=0.913±0.019±0.008±0.013, where the last uncertainties account for all external inputs. These values are approximately 15% lower than those expected from theoretical predictions. Subsequently, flavor SU(3) symmetry is tested by measuring the ratios for pions and kaons, |a1(K)|2/|a1(π)|2=1.066±0.042±0.018±0.023, as well as for different particle species. The ratio is consistent with unity and therefore no evidence for SU(3) symmetry breaking effects is found at the 5% precision level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012003
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work, based on data collected using the Belle detector, which was operated until June 2010, was supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), and the Tau-Lepton Physics Research Center of Nagoya University; the Australian Research Council including Grants No. DP180102629, No. DP170102389, No. DP170102204, No. DE220100462, No. DP150103061, No. FT130100303; Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (FWF) and FWF Austrian Science Fund No. P 31361-N36; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Contracts No. 11675166, No. 11705209; No. 11975076; No. 12135005; No. 12175041; No. 12161141008; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Grant No. QYZDJ-SSW-SLH011; Project ZR2022JQ02 supported by Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation; the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under Contract No. LTT17020; the Czech Science Foundation Grant No. 22-18469S; Horizon 2020 ERC Advanced Grant No. 884719 and ERC Starting Grant No. 947006 “InterLeptons” (European Union); the Carl Zeiss Foundation, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Excellence Cluster Universe, and the VolkswagenStiftung; the Department of Atomic Energy (Project Identification No. RTI 4002) and the Department of Science and Technology of India; the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy; National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea Grants No. 2016R1D1A1B02012900, No. 2018R1A2B3003643, No. 2018R1A6A1A06024970, No. RS202200197659, No. 2019R1I1A3A01058933, No. 2021R1A6A1A03043957, No. 2021R1F1A1060423, No. 2021R1F1A1064008, No. 2022R1A2C1003993; Radiation Science Research Institute, Foreign Large-size Research Facility Application Supporting project, the Global Science Experimental Data Hub Center of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information and KREONET/GLORIAD; the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Center; the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Agreement 14.W03.31.0026, and the HSE University Basic Research Program, Moscow; University of Tabuk research grants No. S-1440-0321, No. S-0256-1438, and No. S-0280-1439 (Saudi Arabia); the Slovenian Research Agency Grants No. J1-9124 and No. P1-0135; Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Spain; the Swiss National Science Foundation; the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan; and the United States Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation. These acknowledgements are not to be interpreted as an endorsement of any statement made by any of our institutes, funding agencies, governments, or their representatives. We thank the KEKB group for the excellent operation of the accelerator; the KEK cryogenics group for the efficient operation of the solenoid; and the KEK computer group and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) computing group for strong computing support; and the National Institute of Informatics, and Science Information NETwork 6 (SINET6) for valuable network support.

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© 2023 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the ""Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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