The behavior of beam-to-column connections in steel and composite frames strongly influences their stability and strength. This is particularly true in response to sever dynamic actions, where the changes in stiffness and damping influence both supply and demand. This means that it is necessary to accurately model the stiffness, strength and ductility of connections in seismic assessment and analysis for design. Starting from the current state-of-the-art, two different approaches, mechanical and informational, are presented to model the complex hysteretic response of bolted beam-to-column connections. The basic premise of the article is that not all features of response are amenable to mechanical modeling; hence, consideration of information-based alternatives is warranted. First, a component-based mechanical model is proposed where each deformation source is represented with only material and geometric properties. Second, a neural network approach is examined to extract an informational model directly from the experimental test data. Finally, the merits and drawbacks of the two approaches are discussed. The results presented in this article indicate that the two models demonstrate good capabilities of predicting complex hysteretic responses in certain cases. There is still, however, room for improvement. Such improvement may be achieved through combining the best features of each approach in a hybrid mechanical-informational modeling environment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Mid-America Earthquake (MAE) Center project EE-3; Advanced Simulation Tools. The Mid-America Earthquake Center is an Engineering Research Center funded by the National Science Foundation under cooperative agreement reference grant No. EEC-9701785. This support is gratefully acknowledged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering