Mechanical properties of polytetrafluoroethylene composites reinforced with graphene nanoplatelets by solid-state processing

Jiyeon Suh, DongHyun Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/graphene nanoplatelet (GnP) composites with varying GnP volume fractions are produced by solid-state milling and hot-pressing. This simple approach is able to be used for any polymer powder without any solvents. High-energy milling is performed to disperse GnPs into the PTFE in the solid-state condition. Morphology of PTFE/GnP powder and the fracture surface of PTFE/GnP composites are observed to investigate the GnP dispersion and the deformation behavior in the composites. The tensile test reveals improved mechanical properties of the PTFE/GnP composites. Yield stress of the PTFE/3 vol.% GnP composite increases by 60%, as compared to the neat PTFE. It is attributed to the interference with the movement of the PTFE chains by the randomly dispersed GnPs. A significant reinforcing effect appears on Young's modulus, which shows an increase of 223% at 3 vol.% GnP loading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 15

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Polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Graphene
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
Processing
Powders
Mechanical alloying
Hot pressing
Yield stress
Volume fraction
Polymers
Elastic moduli

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/graphene nanoplatelet (GnP) composites with varying GnP volume fractions are produced by solid-state milling and hot-pressing. This simple approach is able to be used for any polymer powder without any solvents. High-energy milling is performed to disperse GnPs into the PTFE in the solid-state condition. Morphology of PTFE/GnP powder and the fracture surface of PTFE/GnP composites are observed to investigate the GnP dispersion and the deformation behavior in the composites. The tensile test reveals improved mechanical properties of the PTFE/GnP composites. Yield stress of the PTFE/3 vol.{\%} GnP composite increases by 60{\%}, as compared to the neat PTFE. It is attributed to the interference with the movement of the PTFE chains by the randomly dispersed GnPs. A significant reinforcing effect appears on Young's modulus, which shows an increase of 223{\%} at 3 vol.{\%} GnP loading.",
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AU - Suh, Jiyeon

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N2 - Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/graphene nanoplatelet (GnP) composites with varying GnP volume fractions are produced by solid-state milling and hot-pressing. This simple approach is able to be used for any polymer powder without any solvents. High-energy milling is performed to disperse GnPs into the PTFE in the solid-state condition. Morphology of PTFE/GnP powder and the fracture surface of PTFE/GnP composites are observed to investigate the GnP dispersion and the deformation behavior in the composites. The tensile test reveals improved mechanical properties of the PTFE/GnP composites. Yield stress of the PTFE/3 vol.% GnP composite increases by 60%, as compared to the neat PTFE. It is attributed to the interference with the movement of the PTFE chains by the randomly dispersed GnPs. A significant reinforcing effect appears on Young's modulus, which shows an increase of 223% at 3 vol.% GnP loading.

AB - Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/graphene nanoplatelet (GnP) composites with varying GnP volume fractions are produced by solid-state milling and hot-pressing. This simple approach is able to be used for any polymer powder without any solvents. High-energy milling is performed to disperse GnPs into the PTFE in the solid-state condition. Morphology of PTFE/GnP powder and the fracture surface of PTFE/GnP composites are observed to investigate the GnP dispersion and the deformation behavior in the composites. The tensile test reveals improved mechanical properties of the PTFE/GnP composites. Yield stress of the PTFE/3 vol.% GnP composite increases by 60%, as compared to the neat PTFE. It is attributed to the interference with the movement of the PTFE chains by the randomly dispersed GnPs. A significant reinforcing effect appears on Young's modulus, which shows an increase of 223% at 3 vol.% GnP loading.

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