The effect of long-term aging at 550 °C on the hardness variation and precipitation evolution of a 1.25Cr-0.5Mo steel with ferrite/pearlite structure was investigated. Also, creep-rupture test of the steel was conducted at 550 °C. The hardness value generally decreased with increasing aging time due to the spheroidization of cementite (M3C). Interestingly, the hardness value was almost maintained at the aging time ranging from 1,000 to 5,000 h most likely due to the formation of fine needle-like M2C precipitates in ferrite regions. After 5,000 h of aging, the hardness value again decreased with the decrease in the amount of M3C. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy indicate that the amounts of M2C and M7C3 increases instead of M3C and some of M7C3 precipitates nucleated at M3C particles, growing at the expense of M3C around ferrite/pearlite interfaces. On the whole, the simulated precipitation kinetics of the steel using the MatCalc software well described the precipitation sequence. The creep-rupture strength of the steel drastically decreased especially after 1,600 h of rupture time, although it generally decreased with increasing rupture time. The accelerated dissolution of M3C under creep stress/strain was responsible for the drastic decrease in creep-rupture strength.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study has been supported by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Flagship Program (Project No. 2E30201 ). One of the authors (J.L.) acknowledges the support from the Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) grant funded by the Republic of Korea Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) (No. P0002019 , the Competency Development Program for Industry Specialists).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering