Mechanically Durable Organic/High- k Inorganic Hybrid Gate Dielectrics Enabled by Plasma-Polymerization of PTFE for Flexible Electronics

Gwan In Kim, Joohye Jung, Won Kyung Min, Min Seong Kim, Sujin Jung, Dong Hyun Choi, Jusung Chung, Hyun Jae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To achieve both the synergistic advantages of outstanding flexibility in organic dielectrics and remarkable dielectric/insulating properties in inorganic dielectrics, a plasma-polymerized hafnium oxide (HfOx) hybrid (PPH-hybrid) dielectric is proposed. Using a radio-frequency magnetron cosputtering process, the high-k HfOxdielectric is plasma-polymerized with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), which is a flexible, thermally stable, and hydrophobic fluoropolymer dielectric. The PPH-hybrid dielectric with a high dielectric constant of 14.17 exhibits excellent flexibility, maintaining a leakage current density of ∼10-8A/cm2even after repetitive bending stress (up to 10000 bending cycles with a radius of 2 mm), whereas the HfOxdielectric degrades to be leaky. To evaluate its practical applicability to flexible thin-film transistors (TFTs), the PPH-hybrid dielectric is applied to amorphous indium-gallium-zinc oxide (IGZO) TFTs as a gate dielectric. Consequently, the PPH-hybrid dielectric-based IGZO TFTs exhibit stable electrical performance under the same harsh bending cycles: a field-effect mobility of 16.99 cm2/(V s), an on/off current ratio of 1.15 × 108, a subthreshold swing of 0.35 V/dec, and a threshold voltage of 0.96 V (averaged in nine devices). Moreover, the PPH-hybrid dielectric-based IGZO TFTs exhibit a reduced I-V hysteresis and an enhanced positive bias stress stability, with the threshold voltage shift decreasing from 4.99 to 1.74 V, due to fluorine incorporation. These results demonstrate that PTFE improves both the mechanical durability and electrical stability, indicating that the PPH-hybrid dielectric is a promising candidate for high-performance and low-power flexible electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28085-28096
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 22

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (no. 2020M3H4A1A02084896).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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