Mechanism of MgO dissolution in MgF2–CaF2–MF (M=Li or Na) melts

Kinetic analysis via in-situ high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM)

Yumin Lee, Jae Kyo Yang, Dong Joon Min, Joo Hyun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The solid oxide membrane (SOM) process is a direct electrolysis method for refining magnesium and has become a popular and promising technology. In the electrolysis process of SOM, the metal oxide is dissociated into the metal cation and oxygen anion. Thus, it is important to investigate the dissolution reaction of metal oxides in molten fluoride flux, which contributes to the overall reaction mechanism and reaction rate. However, there are few fundamental studies on the reaction between oxide particles and fluoride flux. Notably, the dissolution behavior of magnesium oxide (MgO), which is a major source of magnesium production, into fluoride flux has not been reported. In addition, the dissolution behavior is mediated by the chemical and physical properties of the flux. Therefore, we investigated the dissolution reaction of MgO in fluoride flux using high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM) measurements to demonstrate the reaction mechanism governing the dissolution rate of MgO particles. Consequently, the rate-limiting mechanism is a diffusion of O2− ion, dissociated from MgO, through the boundary layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20251-20257
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Volume45
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Magnesium Oxide
Magnesia
Oxides
Microscopic examination
Dissolution
Fluorides
Fluxes
Scanning
Kinetics
Lasers
Metals
Electrolysis
Magnesium
Temperature
Membranes
Chemical properties
Refining
Reaction rates
Anions
Cations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Mechanism of MgO dissolution in MgF2–CaF2–MF (M=Li or Na) melts: Kinetic analysis via in-situ high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM)",
abstract = "The solid oxide membrane (SOM) process is a direct electrolysis method for refining magnesium and has become a popular and promising technology. In the electrolysis process of SOM, the metal oxide is dissociated into the metal cation and oxygen anion. Thus, it is important to investigate the dissolution reaction of metal oxides in molten fluoride flux, which contributes to the overall reaction mechanism and reaction rate. However, there are few fundamental studies on the reaction between oxide particles and fluoride flux. Notably, the dissolution behavior of magnesium oxide (MgO), which is a major source of magnesium production, into fluoride flux has not been reported. In addition, the dissolution behavior is mediated by the chemical and physical properties of the flux. Therefore, we investigated the dissolution reaction of MgO in fluoride flux using high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM) measurements to demonstrate the reaction mechanism governing the dissolution rate of MgO particles. Consequently, the rate-limiting mechanism is a diffusion of O2− ion, dissociated from MgO, through the boundary layer.",
author = "Yumin Lee and Yang, {Jae Kyo} and Min, {Dong Joon} and Park, {Joo Hyun}",
year = "2019",
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Mechanism of MgO dissolution in MgF2–CaF2–MF (M=Li or Na) melts : Kinetic analysis via in-situ high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM). / Lee, Yumin; Yang, Jae Kyo; Min, Dong Joon; Park, Joo Hyun.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 45, No. 16, 01.11.2019, p. 20251-20257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanism of MgO dissolution in MgF2–CaF2–MF (M=Li or Na) melts

T2 - Kinetic analysis via in-situ high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM)

AU - Lee, Yumin

AU - Yang, Jae Kyo

AU - Min, Dong Joon

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PY - 2019/11/1

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N2 - The solid oxide membrane (SOM) process is a direct electrolysis method for refining magnesium and has become a popular and promising technology. In the electrolysis process of SOM, the metal oxide is dissociated into the metal cation and oxygen anion. Thus, it is important to investigate the dissolution reaction of metal oxides in molten fluoride flux, which contributes to the overall reaction mechanism and reaction rate. However, there are few fundamental studies on the reaction between oxide particles and fluoride flux. Notably, the dissolution behavior of magnesium oxide (MgO), which is a major source of magnesium production, into fluoride flux has not been reported. In addition, the dissolution behavior is mediated by the chemical and physical properties of the flux. Therefore, we investigated the dissolution reaction of MgO in fluoride flux using high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM) measurements to demonstrate the reaction mechanism governing the dissolution rate of MgO particles. Consequently, the rate-limiting mechanism is a diffusion of O2− ion, dissociated from MgO, through the boundary layer.

AB - The solid oxide membrane (SOM) process is a direct electrolysis method for refining magnesium and has become a popular and promising technology. In the electrolysis process of SOM, the metal oxide is dissociated into the metal cation and oxygen anion. Thus, it is important to investigate the dissolution reaction of metal oxides in molten fluoride flux, which contributes to the overall reaction mechanism and reaction rate. However, there are few fundamental studies on the reaction between oxide particles and fluoride flux. Notably, the dissolution behavior of magnesium oxide (MgO), which is a major source of magnesium production, into fluoride flux has not been reported. In addition, the dissolution behavior is mediated by the chemical and physical properties of the flux. Therefore, we investigated the dissolution reaction of MgO in fluoride flux using high temperature confocal scanning laser microscopy (HT-CSLM) measurements to demonstrate the reaction mechanism governing the dissolution rate of MgO particles. Consequently, the rate-limiting mechanism is a diffusion of O2− ion, dissociated from MgO, through the boundary layer.

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