Tactile pressure sensors as flexible bioelectronic devices have been regarded as the key component for recently emerging applications in electronic skins, health-monitoring devices, or human-machine interfaces. However, their narrow range of sensible pressure and their difficulty in forming high integrations represent major limitations for various potential applications. Herein, we report fully integrated, active-matrix arrays of pressure-sensitive MoS2 transistors with mechanoluminescent layers and air dielectrics for wide detectable range from footsteps to cellular motions. The inclusion of mechanoluminescent materials as well as air spaces can increase the sensitivity significantly over entire pressure regimes. In addition, the high integration capability of these active-matrix sensory circuitries can enhance their spatial resolution to the level sufficient to analyze the pressure distribution in a single cardiomyocyte. We envision that these wide-range pressure sensors will provide a new strategy toward next-generation electronics at biomachine interfaces to monitor various mechanical and biological phenomena at single-cell resolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering