We examined whether social support moderated communication and self-management, and tested whether self-management mediated communication, instrumental and emotional social support (ISS, ESS), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Korean people living with HIV (PLWH). A cross-sectional research design using a self-reported survey questionnaire was conducted. Data for 205 PLWH were collected at the outpatient divisions of seven hospitals. HRQOL was positively associated with communication, ISS, ESS, and self-management. ESS moderated the relationship between communication and self-management through a significant interaction with communication. Johnson-Neyman analysis indicated that the interaction effect of ESS was significant at the range from 4 to 14.4. However, the ISS did not moderate the relationship between communication and self-management. Self-management mediated the relationship between communication, ESS, and HRQOL. The findings suggest that nursing interventions should be focused on providing interactive communication and ESS to improve self-management and HRQOL of PLWH.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) and Hallym University (7-2012-0333, Principal Investigator: GS Kim), and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2015R1D1A1A01057423, Principal Investigator: GS Kim).
© 2018 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing