Medical student education through flipped learning and virtual rotations in radiation oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross sectional research

Tae Hyung Kim, Jin Sung Kim, Hong In Yoon, Joongyo Lee, Jason Joon Bock Lee, Hwa Kyung Byun, Yeona Cho, Yong Bae Kim, Ik Jae Lee, Kyung Hwan Kim, Jee Suk Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has stripped many medical students worldwide of their right to quality education. In response, we developed hybrid courses involving aspects of both online and in-person teaching for radiation oncology medical student clerkship. Methods: We entitled students to customize their own rotation schedule using Google Forms and developed a flipped learning online class, which consisted of at least one video clip on basic knowledge of radiation oncology per day ( Students were instructed to watch online videos before the next day’s discussion session. Required components of the medical education program (e.g., target drawing, site visits to treatment facilities) were also prepared and conducted in accordance with the appropriate level of social distancing measures. Finally, we conducted questionnaire surveys after the completion of the week-long course and clerkship. Results: From March to June 2020, 110 fourth-year medical students undertook a clinical module in our 1-week radiation oncology program course. Each day, students completed the flipped learning prior to meeting with the educator and then participated in the online discussion session and conference. All activities were well performed as scheduled. Students’ motivation was high, as was their overall satisfaction with the course. The students were satisfied with the online contents, flipped learning strategy, and instructors. Conclusions: We successfully integrated open and virtual educational platforms to improve access to and satisfaction with student clerkship. In the future “new normal,” minimized face-to-face learning interactions, such as flipped learning, should be actively utilized for medical and other students’ education.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204
JournalRadiation Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by Eulji University in 2021. This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2019R1C1C1009359).

Funding Information:
This study was awarded the 2021 Honorary Prize from Yonsei University College of Medicine for educational excellence in 2020. This study was presented at the Online Conference of The Korean Society for Radiation Oncology on October 10, 2020, and the Online Conference of the Korean Cancer Association on November 12, 2020.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Medical student education through flipped learning and virtual rotations in radiation oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross sectional research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this