Background: To investigate the correlation between the duration of Sjögren syndrome (SS) and ocular surface parameters in patients with SS-related dry eye. Methods: We analyzed 108 eyes of 108 female patients with primary SS-related dry eye. All patients underwent rheumatoid serologic tests and ocular surface assessments. The ocular surface assessment included the Standard Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED) score, meibomian gland (MG) atrophy, lipid layer thickness (LLT), partial and total blinking, partial blinking rate, Schirmer’s I test, non-invasive tear break-up time, and ocular surface staining score. Correlations between the duration of SS and ocular surface assessments were calculated. Results: The average age and SS duration of the participants were 56.7 ± 10.2 (range 21–78) years and 54.15 ± 41.10 (range 1–134) months, respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between SS duration and MG atrophy (r = 0.766, p < 0.001). The correlation between SS duration and MG atrophy rate remained significant after controlling for age (r = 0.559, p < 0.001). Average, maximum, and minimum LLTs showed weak negative correlations with SS duration (r = − 0.310, − 0.211, and–0.304, respectively, p = 0.014, 0.028, and 0.022, respectively) and MG atrophy (r = − 0.191, − 0.326, and − 0.299, respectively, p = 0.049, 0.002, and 0.009, respectively). SPEED score showed a weak positive correlation to SS duration (r = 0.303, p = 0.042) and a moderate positive correlation to MG atrophy (r = 0.450, p = 0.029). Conclusions: Longer duration of primary SS was related to more severe MG atrophy. Therefore, it is necessary to perform meibography in SS patients to verify MG atrophy status. A comparative study with non-SS dry eye patients is required to validate this study.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Kim’s Eye Hospital Research Center for English editing.
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.
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