MEMS-based condensation particle growth chip for optically measuring the airborne nanoparticle concentration

Hong Beom Kwon, Seong Jae Yoo, Ui Seon Hong, Kyungtae Kim, Jangseop Han, Min Ki Kim, Dong Hyun Kang, Jungho Hwang, Yong-Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To monitor airborne nanoparticles at a particular point of interest sensitively and accurately, we developed a compact and inexpensive but highly-precise nanoparticle detection system. The proposed system, based on nucleation light-scattering, consists of two components: a microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based particle growth chip that grows nanoparticles to micro-sized droplets through condensation and a miniaturized optical particle counter (mini-OPC) that detects individual grown droplets using a light-scattering method. To minimize the dimensions and cost of this system, all elements of the particle growth chip were integrated onto a glass slide through simple photolithography and 3D printing. Moreover, a passive cooling technique was adopted, which eliminated the need for an active cooling system. Thus, our system was much more compact, inexpensive, and power-efficient than conventional nanoparticle detection instruments. Through quantitative experiments using Ag nanoparticles in the size range of 5 to 70 nm, it was found that our system could count extremely small nanoparticles (12.4 nm) by growing them to micrometer-sized droplets. Furthermore, our system could provide an accurate number concentration of nanoparticles (the maximum difference was within 15% compared to the reference instrument), regardless of high (3500 N cm-3) and low (0.05 N cm-3) concentration environments. These results indicate that our system can be applied successfully to the monitoring of nanoparticles in various kinds of fields including not only indoor and outdoor environments but also high-tech industries utilizing cleanrooms, air filtration systems, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1483
Number of pages13
JournalLab on a chip
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Nanoparticles
MEMS
Condensation
Growth
Light scattering
Light
Radiation counters
Photolithography
Cooling systems
Glass
Printing
Industry
Nucleation
Air
Cooling
Costs and Cost Analysis
Monitoring
Costs
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Kwon, Hong Beom ; Yoo, Seong Jae ; Hong, Ui Seon ; Kim, Kyungtae ; Han, Jangseop ; Kim, Min Ki ; Kang, Dong Hyun ; Hwang, Jungho ; Kim, Yong-Jun. / MEMS-based condensation particle growth chip for optically measuring the airborne nanoparticle concentration. In: Lab on a chip. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 8. pp. 1471-1483.
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MEMS-based condensation particle growth chip for optically measuring the airborne nanoparticle concentration. / Kwon, Hong Beom; Yoo, Seong Jae; Hong, Ui Seon; Kim, Kyungtae; Han, Jangseop; Kim, Min Ki; Kang, Dong Hyun; Hwang, Jungho; Kim, Yong-Jun.

In: Lab on a chip, Vol. 19, No. 8, 01.01.2019, p. 1471-1483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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